Comparative evaluation of analogue front-end designs for the CMS Inner Tracker at the High Luminosity LHC

@article{Adam2021ComparativeEO,
  title={Comparative evaluation of analogue front-end designs for the CMS Inner Tracker at the High Luminosity LHC},
  author={W. Adam and Thomas Bergauer and D. Bl{\"o}ch and Marko Dragicevic and Rudolf Fr{\"u}hwirth and Viktoria Hinger and Helmut Dr Steininger and W. P. Beaumont and Davide Di Croce and X. Janssen and Tomas Kello and Aleksandra Lelek and P. Van Mechelen and S. Van Putte and N. Van Remortel and Freya Blekman and M. Delcourt and Jorgen D'Hondt and Steven Lowette and Seth Moortgat and Alexander Morton and Dominik Muller and Abanti Ranadhir Sahasransu and E. S{\o}rensen Bols and Yannick Allard and Diego Beghin and Bugra Bilin and Barbara Clerbaux and Gilles De Lentdecker and W. Deng and Laurent Favart and Anastasia Grebenyuk and D. Hohov and Amandeep Kaur Kalsi and A. Khalilzadeh and Mostafa Mahdavikhorrami and Inna Makarenko and Louis Moureaux and Andrey Popov and Nicolas Postiau and Frederic Robert and Z. Song and Laurent Thomas and Pascal Vanlaer and David Vannerom and Q. Wang and H. Wang and Y. Yang and Agni Bethani and Giacomo Bruno and Florian Joel J Bury and Claudio Caputo and Pieter David and Albert Deblaere and Christophe Delaere and Izzeddin Suat Donertas and Andrea Giammanco and Vincent Lema{\^i}tre and Kuntal Mondal and Jessica Prisciandaro and N. Szilasi and Angela Taliercio and Maksym Teklishyn and Pietro Vischia and S{\'e}bastien Wertz and Vuko Brigljevic and Dinko Ferencek and Devdatta Majumder and S. K. Mishra and Matej Rogulji{\'c} and Andrei Starodumov and Tatjana Susa and Paula Eerola and Erik Br{\"u}cken and T. Lamp{\'e}n and Laura Martikainen and Eija Tuominen and Panja Luukka and Tuure Tuuva and J.-L. Agram and J{\'e}r{\'e}my Andrea and Dylan Apparu and D. Bloch and C. Bonnin and Guillaume Bourgatte and Jean-Marie Brom and Eric Christian Chabert and L. Charles and Caroline Collard and E. Dangelser and Douja Darej and Ulrich Goerlach and Cl{\'e}ment Grimault and L. Gross and C. Haas and Marc Krauth and Emery Nibigira and Nicolas Ollivier-Henry and E. Silva Jim{\'e}nez and Ece Asilar and Guillaume Baulieu and Gaelle Boudoul and Luigi Caponetto and Nicolas Chanon and Didier Contardo and P. Den{\'e} and T. Dupasquier and Geoffrey Christian Galbit and S Jain and Nick Lumb and Laurent Mirabito and Benedetta Nodari and St{\'e}phane Perries and Marie Vander Donckt and Sebastien Viret and Lutz Feld and Waclaw Karpinski and K Klein and Martin Lipinski and David N. Louis and Danilo Meuser and Alexander Josef Pauls and G. Pierschel and Max Philip Rauch and N. R{\"o}wert and Johannes Schulz and Marius Teroerde and Michael Wlochal and Christian Dziwok and G. Fluegge and Oliver Pooth and Achim Stahl and Tim Ziemons and C. W. Cheng and Patrick Connor and Anne De Wit and Guenter Eckerlin and Doris Eckstein and Ettore Gallo and Moritz Guthoff and Ali Harb and Claus Kleinwort and Rainer Mankel and H. Maser and Mareike Meyer and Carsten Muhl and Andreas Mussgiller and Younes Otarid and Daniel Pitzl and Olaf Reichelt and Mykola Savitskyi and R. D. Stever and Nicolas Tonon and Anastasiia Velyka and Roberval Walsh and Q. Wang and Adam Zuber and Anna Benecke and H. Biskop and P. Buhmann and Melanie Eich and F. Feindt and A. Froehlich and Erika Garutti and Paolo Gunnellini and Mohammadtaghi Hajheidari and Johannes Haller and Andreas Hinzmann and Hans-Christian Jabusch and Gregor Kasieczka and Robert Klanner and Viktor Kutzner and Torben Poort Lange and Stephan Martens and Malte Mrowietz and Caroline Elisabeth Niniane Niemeyer and Yuval Nissan and K. Pena and Oliver Rieger and P. Schleper and J. Schwandt and Dennis Schwarz and Jory Sonneveld and Georg Steinbr{\"u}ck and Alexandra Tews and Benedikt Vormwald and Jens Wellhausen and Irene Zoi and M. Abbas and L. E. Ardila and Matthias Norbert Balzer and Tobias Barvich and Thomas Blank and Erik Butz and Michele Caselle and Wim de Boer and Alexander Dierlamm and Alexander Droll and Karim El Morabit and Frank Hartmann and Ulrich Husemann and Roland Koppenh{\"o}fer and Stefan A. Maier and Sophie Mallows and Thomas Mehner and Marius Metzler and J.-O. M{\"u}ller-Gosewisch and Th. Muller and M. Neufeld and A. N{\"u}rnberg and Oral Sander and Matthias Schr{\"o}der and Ivan Shvetsov and H. J. Simonis and J. Stanulla and P. Steck and Michael R. Wassmer and M. Weber and A. Weddigen and Frank Wittig and Georgios Anagnostou and Panagiotis Assiouras and Georgios Daskalakis and I. Kazas and Aristotelis Kyriakis and Demetrios Loukas and T. Bal{\'a}zs and K. M{\'a}rton and Ferenc Sikler and Viktor Veszpremi and A. Das and Chandiprasad Kar and Prolay Kumar Mal and Rajaram Mohanty and P. Saha and S. K. Swain and Ashutosh Bhardwaj and Chakresh Jain and Geetika Jain and A. Kumar and K. Ranjan and Saumya Saumya and Rajarshi Bhattacharya and S. Dutta and Pritam Palit and Gourab Saha and Subir Sarkar and Pasquale Cariola and Donato Creanza and Maurizia De Palma and G. de Robertis and Luigi Fiore and Merve Ince and F. Loddo and Giorgio Pietro Maggi and S. Martiradonna and M. Mongelli and Salvatore My and Giovanna Selvaggi and Lucia Silvestris and Sebastiano Albergo and S. Costa and Alessandro Di Mattia and Renato Potenza and Mirela Angela Saizu and Alessia Tricomi and Cristina Tuv{\`e} and Giuseppe Barbagli and Mirko Brianzi and Antonio Cassese and Rudy Ceccarelli and Roberto Ciaranfi and Vitaliano Ciulli and Carlo Civinini and Raffaello D’Alessandro and Francesco Fiori and Ettore Focardi and Giuseppe Latino and Piergiulio Lenzi and Mattia Lizzo and Marco Meschini and Simone Paoletti and Roberto Seidita and Giacomo Sguazzoni and Lorenzo Viliani and Fabrizio Ferro and Enrico Robutti and F. Brivio and Mauro Emanuele Dinardo and Paolo Dini and Simone Gennai and Luca Guzzi and Sandra Malvezzi and Dario Menasce and Luigi Moroni and Daniele Pedrini and Davide Zuolo and Patrizia Azzi and Nicola Bacchetta and Pierluigi Bortignon and Dario Bisello and Tommaso Dorigo and Mia Tosi and Hevjin Yarar and Luigi Gaioni and Massimo Manghisoni and Lodovico Ratti and Valerio Re and Elisa Riceputi and Gianluca Traversi and Patrick Asenov and Giorgio Baldinelli and Federico Bianchi and G. M. Bilei and Sauro Bizzaglia and M. Caprai and Bruno Checcucci and Diego Ciangottini and Livio Fan{\`o} and L. Farnesini and Maria Ionica and Manuela Magherini and Giancarlo Mantovani and Valentina Mariani and Mauro Menichelli and Arianna Morozzi and Francesco Moscatelli and Daniele Passeri and Andrea Piccinelli and Pisana Placidi and A. M. Rossi and Attilio Santocchia and Daniele Spiga and Loriano Storchi and Tommaso Tedeschi and C. Turrioni and Paolo Azzurri and Giuseppe Bagliesi and Andrea Basti and Roberto Beccherle and Valerio Bertacchi and Lorenzo Bianchini and Tommaso Boccali and Filippo Bosi and Rino Castaldi and Maria Agnese Ciocci and Roberto Dell'Orso and Silvio Donato and Alessandro Giassi and M. T. Grippo and Franco Ligabue and Guido Magazz{\`u} and Elisabetta Manca and Giulio Mandorli and M. Massa and Enrico Mazzoni and Alberto Messineo and Andrea Moggi and F. Morsani and Fabrizio Palla and Saksham Parolia and Fabrizio Raffaelli and G. Ramirez Sanchez and Andrea Rizzi and S. Roy Chowdhury and Paolo Spagnolo and Roberto Tenchini and Guido Tonelli and Andrea Venturi and P. G. Verdini and Riccardo Bellan and Silvia Coli and M. Costa and Roberto Covarelli and G. Dellacasa and Natale Demaria and S. Garbolino and M. T. Grippo and Ernesto Migliore and Ennio Monteil and Marco Monteno and Giacomo Ortona and Luca Pacher and Angelo Rivetti and Ada Solano and Antonio Vagnerini and J. Duarte Campderros and M. Fernandez and A. Garc{\'i}a Alonso and G Gomez and Francisco Jos{\'e} Gonz{\'a}lez S{\'a}nchez and R. Jaramillo Echeverria and David Moya and A. Ruiz Jimeno and Luca Scodellaro and Iv{\'a}n Vila and A. Lopez Virto and J. M. Vizan Garcia and Duccio Abbaneo and I. Ahmed and E. Albert and J. Almeida and M. Barinoff and J. Batista Lopes and Gianmario Bergamin and G. Blanchot and F. Boyer and Alessandro Caratelli and R. Carnesecchi and Davide Ceresa and Jorgen Christiansen and Kamil Cichy and E. Curras Rivera and Jerome Daguin and St{\'e}phane D{\'e}traz and M. Dudek and Natalia Emriskova and Federico Faccio and N. Frank and T. French and A. Holl{\'o}s and Gerd Hugo and Jan Kaplon and Zolt{\'a}n Kerek{\'e}s and Kostas Kloukinas and N. Koss and L. Kottelat and Dominik Koukola and M{\'a}rk Istv{\'a}n Kov{\'a}cs and Alessandro La Rosa and P. Lenoir and Roxanne Loos and Alessandro Marchioro and I. Mateos Dominguez and Stefano Mersi and Stefano Michelis and Aurele Millet and Antti Onnela and Styliani Orfanelli and T. Pakulski and A. Papadopoulos and A. Rodriguez Perez and F J P{\'e}rez G{\'o}mez and J. F. Pernot and P. Petagna and Q. Piazza and P. Rose and Simone Scarfi and Marjana Sinani and R. Tavares Rego and P. Tropea and Jan Troska and Andromachi Tsirou and Francois Vasey and P. Vichoudis and Anthony Zografos and Willi Bertl and Lea Caminada and Ali Ebrahimi and Wolfram Erdmann and Roland Horisberger and H. C. Kaestli and Danek Kotlinski and Urs Langenegger and Bernhard Meier and Marino Missiroli and Lars Olivier Sebastian Noehte and Tilman Rohe and S. Streuli and Konstantin Androsov and Malte Backhaus and Robert Becker and Pirmin Berger and D. di Calafiori and Alessandro Calandri and Lubomir Djambazov and Mauro Doneg{\`a} and Christian Dorfer and F. Glessgen and Christophorus Grab and Dmitry Hits and Werner Lustermann and Maren Tabea Meinhard and Vasilije Perovi{\'c} and Michael Reichmann and Branislav Ristic and U. Roeser and Daniele Ruini and J. S{\"o}rensen and Rainer Wallny and K. B{\"o}siger and Danyyl Brzhechko and Florencia Canelli and Karen Cormier and Riccardo del Burgo and Marc Huwiler and Arash Jofrehei and Benjamin Kilminster and Stefanos Leontsinis and Anna Macchiolo and Umberto Molinatti and R. Maier and Vinicius Massami Mikuni and Izaak Neutelings and Arne Christoph Reimers and Peter Robmann and Y. Takahashi and D. Wolf and P.-H. Chen and W.-S. Hou and R. S. Lu and E. J. Clement and David Cussans and Joel Goldstein and Sarah Seif El Nasr-Storey and Nicolas Stylianou and John A. Coughlan and K. Harder and M. l. Holmberg and Konstantinos Manolopoulos and T. Schuh and I. Tomalin and Rupert Bainbridge and Johan Borg and Casey L. Brown and Giacomo Fedi and Geoffrey Hall and David Monk and M. Pesaresi and K. Uchida and Kathryn Coldham and Joanne Cole and M. Ghorbani and A. Khan and Paul Kyberd and I. D. Reid and Rachel Bartek and Aaron Dominguez and Rishabh Uniyal and A. M. Vargas Hernandez and Gabriele Benelli and Bjorn Burkle and Xavier Coubez and Ulrich Heintz and Nathan Hinton and Julie Managan Hogan and A. K. Honma and Andrei L. Korotkov and D. Li and Marek Lukasik and Meenakshi Narain and Sinan Sagir and F. Simpson and E. Spencer and Emanuele Usai and Judy Voelker and Wing Yan Wong and W. Zhang and E. Cannaert and Maxwell Chertok and J. Conway and Grace Haza and David Hemer and Frank Jensen and J. A. Thomson and W Wei and T. Welton and Rachel Yohay and F. B. Zhang and Gail Hanson and Weinan Si and Peter Chang and Stephane Cooperstein and Nikkie Deelen and Raffaele Gerosa and Leonardo Giannini and Slava Krutelyov and Brijesh Sathia and V. Sharma and Matevz Tadel and Avraham Yagil and Valentina Dutta and Loukas Gouskos and Joe Incandela and Matthew Kilpatrick and S. Kyre and Huilin Qu and Melissa Quinnan and John Perry Cumalat and William T. Ford and E. Macdonald and Alexx Perloff and Kevin Stenson and Keith Ulmer and Stephen Robert Wagner and James Alexander and Y. Bordlemay Padilla and Samuel Bright-Thonney and Y. Cheng and J. Conway and Derek James Cranshaw and A. Datta and A. Filenius and Shaun Hogan and Steven R. Lantz and Jose Monroy and Herman Postema and Daniel Quach and J. Reichert and M. Reid and Daniel Riley and Anders Ryd and K. W. Smolenski and Charles Strohman and Julia Thom and Peter Wittich and Roger Zou and Amandeep Singh Bakshi and Douglas Berry and Kevin Burkett and Douglas Butler and Anadi Canepa and Greg Derylo and John W. Dickinson and A Ghosh and C. G{\^i}ngu and H Becerril Gonzalez and Stefan Gr{\"u}nendahl and Lesya Anna Horyn and M. E. Johnson and P. Klabbers and Chi Meng Lei and Ron Lipton and Sergey Los and Petra Merkel and P Murat and Steve Nahn and Fabio Ravera and Ryan Rivera and Leonard Spiegel and Lorenzo Uplegger and E. A. Voirin and Hannsjoerg Artur Weber and H. Becerril Gonzalez and X. Chen and Susan Dittmer and Alexey Evdokimov and Olga Evdokimov and Cecilia Elena Gerber and David Jonathan Hofman and C. Mills and Titas Roy and Sahithi Rudrabhatla and J. Yoo and Mohammad Alhusseini and S{\"u}leyman Durgut and J. M. Nachtman and Yasar Onel and C. Rude and Christina Snyder and K. Yi and Oz Amram and Nicholas Eminizer and Andrei Gritsan and Savvas Kyriacou and P. Maksimovic and Cristina Mantilla Su{\'a}rez and Jeffrey Roskes and Morris L. Swartz and Tam{\'a}s {\'A}lmos V{\'a}mi and Justin Anguiano and Alice Bean and Sadia Khalil and Erich Schmitz and Graham Wilson and A. Ivanov and Tyler Lewis Mitchell and Atanu Modak and R. Taylor and J. G. Acosta and L. Cremaldi and S. Oliveros and Liam Perera and D. Summers and Kenneth Bloom and Daniel Claes and Caleb Fangmeier and F. Golf and Changwoo Joo and Ilya Kravchenko and Joaquin Emilo Siado and Ia Iashvili and A. I. Kharchilava and Christine McLean and Duong Hai Nguyen and Juska Pekkanen and Salvatore Rappoccio and Andreas Albert and Zeynep Demiragli and Daniel E. Gastler and E. S. Hazen and A. Peck and James Rohlf and J. Li and Albert E. Parker and Louise Skinnari and Kristan Allan Hahn and Y. C. Liu and Kevin Sung and Bryan Cardwell and Brian Francis and C. Hill and Kang Wei and S. Malik and Scarlet Norberg and J. E. Ramirez Vargas and Ridhi Chawla and S. Das and M Jones and A. W. Jung and Abraham Mathew Koshy and Giulia Negro and Jason Thieman and T. Cheng and James Dolen and Neeti Parashar and Karl Matthew Ecklund and Sarah Freed and A. Kumar and H. T. Liu and T. Nussbaum and Regina Demina and Joseph Lynn Dulemba and Otto Hindrichs and Edward Bartz and A. Gandrakotra and Yuri Gershtein and Eva Halkiadakis and Andrew Hart and Amitabh Lath and Kevin Nash and Marc Osherson and Steve Schnetzer and Richard Stone and Ricardo Eusebi and Paola D’Angelo and Willard Johns},
  journal={Journal of Instrumentation},
  year={2021},
  volume={16}
}
The CMS Inner Tracker, made of silicon pixel modules, will be entirely replaced prior to the start of the High Luminosity LHC period. One of the crucial components of the new Inner Tracker system is the readout chip, being developed by the RD53 Collaboration, and in particular its analogue front-end, which receives the signal from the sensor and digitizes it. Three different analogue front-ends (Synchronous, Linear, and Differential) were designed and implemented in the RD53A demonstrator chip… 

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 36 REFERENCES
Prototype Module Construction for the High Luminosity Upgrade of the CMS Pixel Detector
TLDR
This paper presents the module design and implementation based on the prototype RD53A devices which were evaluated in single operation and as part of a serial powering scheme.
RD53 analog front-end processors for the ATLAS and CMS experiments at the High-Luminosity LHC
This work discusses the design and the main results relevant to the characterization of analog front-end processors in view of their operation in the pixel detector readout chips of ATLAS and CMS at
RD Collaboration Proposal: Development of pixel readout integrated circuits for extreme rate and radiation
TLDR
A collaboration to design the next generation of hybrid pixel readout chips to enable the ATLAS and CMS Phase 2 pixel upgrades and will have an institute board which will elect spokespersons to organize activities around work groups.
Serial Powering for the Tracker Phase-2 Upgrade
TLDR
This scheme will be explained based on the implementation choices for the future CMS Inner Tracker, its main system challenges will be discussed and first measurements with serially powered chains of prototype modules will be shown.
65 nm CMOS analog front-end for pixel detectors at the HL-LHC
This work is concerned with the design and the experimental characterization of analog front-end electronics conceived for experiments with unprecedented particle rates and radiation levels at future
Test results and prospects for RD53A, a large scale 65 nm CMOS chip for pixel readout at the HL-LHC
  • M. Barbero, D. Fougeron, S. Seide
  • Physics
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
  • 2019
A high speed transmitter circuit for the ATLAS/CMS HL-LHC pixel readout chip
In order to satisfy the high output bandwidth requirement imposed by the High Luminosity LHC, a high speed transmitter circuit was designed and integrated into the RD53A demonstrator chip for the
Phase-2 Upgrade of the CMS Tracker
The CMS experiment at the CERN LHC
The Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) detector is described. The detector operates at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. It was conceived to study proton-proton (and lead-lead) collisions at a
...
1
2
3
4
...