Comparative evaluation of aesthetic, biological, and economic effectiveness of different lawn management programs

  title={Comparative evaluation of aesthetic, biological, and economic effectiveness of different lawn management programs},
  author={Alfred Alumai and Seppo O. Salminen and Douglas S Richmond and J. A. Cardina and Parwinder Singh Grewal},
  journal={Urban Ecosystems},
We evaluated aesthetic (lawn quality), biological (weeds and insect pests), and economic (management costs) effectiveness of a commercial (managed by a professional company), consumer (managed using consumer lawn care products following labeled instructions), integrated pest management (IPM) (pesticide applications based on monitoring and thresholds), organic (monitoring and need-based organic and natural product applications), and an untreated lawn care program. Percent weed cover was the… 
Implementing integrated pest management in professional lawn care: a case study
Human choices regarding land cover management practices may influence ecosystem services provided by urban green spaces. We conducted a 2-year study to compare biological (weed, insect, and disease),
Development and Early Assessment of an Organic Land Care Extension Program for Landscapers
This article presents findings from the first 3 years of implementing an organic land care training program for landscapers, including landscaper attitudes, lessons learned, and the potential role of
Water, sediment, and nutrient runoff from urban lawns established on disturbed subsoil or topsoil and managed with inorganic or organic fertilizers
Urban runoff has become an increasingly important environmental concern in recent years. With increasing urbanization, turfgrass area has substantially expanded in North America, and these lawns are
Sheep grazing in ‘lawnscape’ management: an emissions comparison with conventional ‘lawnscape’ management
Abstract The use of sheep in lawnscape management is touted as a low-carbon alternative to conventional lawnscaping; however this claim remains unsubstantiated. While conventional lawnscaping
Determinants of Households’ Adoption of Organic Pesticides for Lawns and Gardens
This study investigates organic pesticide adoption in residential lawn care management, incorporating determinants based on a synthesis of multiple literatures. A mail survey using the Dillman method
Homeowner Attitudes and Practices Towards Residential Landscape Management in Ohio, USA
Positive policy implications are that efforts aimed at educating homeowners about the environmental impacts of their lawn care choices are likely to have more success if they are directed at neighborhood groups rather than individuals, and that alternatives are easy to adopt, affordable, and can produce the characteristics of lawns that homeowners seek.
Analysis of turf quality in selected headquarters in the district ZLATÉ MORAVCE
The quality of the lawns was evaluated in two urban settlements Topoľčianky and Zlaté Moravce at three times during the vegetation season in 2013 using the standard methodology by Ondřej (1988).
Urban meadows as an alternative to short mown grassland: effects of composition and height on biodiversity
It is suggested that diversification of urban greenspace by planting urban meadows in place of some mown amenity grassland is likely to generate substantial biodiversity benefits, with a mosaic of meadow types likely to maximize such benefits.


Ecology of urban lawns under three common management programs
Turfgrass lawns are a central part of urban and suburban landscapes throughout North America and are often managed using repeated applications of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. These inputs are
The Role of Turfgrasses in Environmental Protection and Their Benefits to Humans
Turfgrasses have been utilized by humans to enhance their environment for more than 10 centuries. The complexity and comprehensiveness of these environmental benefits that improve our quality-of-life
Cultural Management of Weeds in Turfgrass
Research is needed on optimizing the choices of herbicide and/or cultural practices as part of an integrated management system for turfgrass.
Pendimethalin and corn gluten meal combinations to control turf weeds
Field crabgrass control was improved by application of a sublethal rate of pendimethalin in addition to corn gluten meal, and in the greenhouse, the control of large crabgrass was investigated on the same soil with no turfgrass cover.
The Use of Corn Gluten Meal As A Natural Preemergence Weed Control in Turf
In a study involving the use of food-grade corn meal as a growth media for microorganisms, it was observed that stand establishment of creeping bentgrass seedlings was reduced by the incorporation of
Destructive Turf Insects
The stated purpose of Destructive Turf Insects is to enable the individual who does not have a formal entomology background to identify insects which occur in turf and plan an appropriate control strategy based on the environment in which the insect is active.
Redesigning the American Lawn: A Search for Environmental Harmony
Americans love their lawns with a passion rarely seen in other countries; fifty-eight million Americans enthusiastically plant, weed, water, spray, and mow an estimated twenty million acres of lawn.
Does Mowing Height Influence Alkaloid Production in Endophytic Tall Fescue and Perennial Ryegrass?
If the levels of the alkaloids can be manipulated by cultural practices in the grasses that are used for home lawns and golf courses, this could alleviate the need for pesticide applications in urban environments.
Mapping and Modeling the Biogeochemical Cycling of Turf Grasses in the United States
The results indicate that well-watered and fertilized turf grasses act as a carbon sink, suggesting that outdoor water conservation practices such as xeriscaping and irrigation with recycled waste-water may need to be extended as many municipalities continue to face increasing pressures on freshwater.