Comparative evaluation of aesthetic, biological, and economic effectiveness of different lawn management programs

  title={Comparative evaluation of aesthetic, biological, and economic effectiveness of different lawn management programs},
  author={Alfred Alumai and Seppo O. Salminen and Douglas S Richmond and J. A. Cardina and Parwinder Singh Grewal},
  journal={Urban Ecosystems},
We evaluated aesthetic (lawn quality), biological (weeds and insect pests), and economic (management costs) effectiveness of a commercial (managed by a professional company), consumer (managed using consumer lawn care products following labeled instructions), integrated pest management (IPM) (pesticide applications based on monitoring and thresholds), organic (monitoring and need-based organic and natural product applications), and an untreated lawn care program. Percent weed cover was the… 
Aesthetic and economic impacts associated with four different cool-season lawn fertility and pesticide programs.
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Turfgrasses have been utilized by humans to enhance their environment for more than 10 centuries. The complexity and comprehensiveness of these environmental benefits that improve our quality-of-life
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Field crabgrass control was improved by application of a sublethal rate of pendimethalin in addition to corn gluten meal, and in the greenhouse, the control of large crabgrass was investigated on the same soil with no turfgrass cover.
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Does Mowing Height Influence Alkaloid Production in Endophytic Tall Fescue and Perennial Ryegrass?
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