Comparative effects of liraglutide 3 mg vs structured lifestyle modification on body weight, liver fat and liver function in obese patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: A pilot randomized trial.

Abstract

We compared the effects of weight loss induced by the glucagon-like peptide 1-agonist liraglutide with a structured lifestyle intervention in obese adults with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Obese (body mass index ≥30 kg/m2 , mean weight 96.0 ± 16.3 kg) non-diabetic Asian adults, with NAFLD diagnosed by liver fat fraction (LFF) ≥ 5.5% on magnetic resonance imaging without other causes of hepatic steatosis, were randomized to a supervised program of dieting (restriction by 400 kilocalories/d) plus moderate-intensity aerobic exercise (~200 min/wk; DE group, n = 12), or liraglutide at the 3 mg daily dose approved for weight loss (LI group, n = 12), for 26 weeks. Both DE and LI groups had significant (P < .01) and similar reductions in weight (-3.5 ± 3.3 vs -3.5 ± 2.1 kg, respectively, P = .72), LFF (-8.9 ± 13.4 vs -7.2% ± 7.1%, P = .70), serum alanine aminotransferase (-42 ± 46 vs -34 ± 27 U/L, P = .52) and aspartate aminotransferase (-23 ± 24 vs -18 ± 15 U/L, P = .53). In this first randomized study comparing the 2 weight-loss modalities for improving NAFLD, liraglutide was as effective as structured lifestyle modification.

DOI: 10.1111/dom.13007

Cite this paper

@article{Khoo2017ComparativeEO, title={Comparative effects of liraglutide 3 mg vs structured lifestyle modification on body weight, liver fat and liver function in obese patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: A pilot randomized trial.}, author={Joan Khoo and John Chen Hsiang and Ranu Taneja and Ngai-Moh Law and Tiing Leong Ang}, journal={Diabetes, obesity & metabolism}, year={2017}, volume={19 12}, pages={1814-1817} }