Comparative effects of esmolol and labetalol to attenuate hyperdynamic states after electroconvulsive therapy.


We studied 18 patients (age range, 53-90 yr) with at least one cardiovascular risk factor who were treated with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) and compared effects of five pretreatments: no drug; esmolol, 1.3 or 4.4 mg/kg; or labetalol, 0.13 or 0.44 mg/kg. Each patient received all five treatments, during a series of five ECT sessions. Pretreatment was… (More)


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