Comparative descriptions of the pupae of five species of the Culicoides imicola complex (Diptera, Ceratopogonidae) from South Africa.

@article{Nevill2007ComparativeDO,
  title={Comparative descriptions of the pupae of five species of the Culicoides imicola complex (Diptera, Ceratopogonidae) from South Africa.},
  author={Hilda Nevill and Gert Johannes Venter and Rudy Meiswinkel and E. M. Nevill},
  journal={The Onderstepoort journal of veterinary research},
  year={2007},
  volume={74 2},
  pages={
          97-114
        }
}
The viruses causing the economically important livestock diseases of African horse sickness (AHS) and bluetongue (BT) are transmitted by biting midges of the genus Culicoides (Diptera, Ceratopogonidae). In the Old World the most important vectors of these diseases are Culicoides imicola Kieffer, 1913, Culicoides brevitarsis Kieffer, 1917 and Culicoides bolitinos Meiswinkel, 1989. All three of these vectors belong to the Imicola complex of the subgenus Avaritia Fox, 1955. This species complex… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Differential emergence of Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) from on-farm breeding substrates in Northern Ireland
TLDR
Temperature played a significant role in the emergence times of adult Culicoides and the sex ratio of emergent Obsoletus group Culicoide was affected by substrate type, with a greater proportion of males emerging from cow dung and slurry compared with the other substrates.
Insight on the larval habitat of Afrotropical Culicoides Latreille (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in the Niayes area of Senegal, West Africa
TLDR
Original baseline information on larval habitats of Culicoides species in Senegal in an area endemic for AHSV is provided, in particular for species of interest in animal health.
Pupae of the Nearctic species of Culicoides Latreille subgenus Monoculicoides Khalaf (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae).
TLDR
Pupal diagnoses, descriptions, and a key to all seven known species of Culicoides subgenus Monoculicoides Khalaf occurring in the Nearctic biogeographic region are provided.
The pupae of the biting midges of the world (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae), with a generic key and analysis of the phylogenetic relationships between genera.
The pupae of species in each of the 45 genera of Ceratopogonidae known in this stage are diagnosed and described. A standard set of terms is provided, with a glossary, for all pertinent structures of
Emergence of Culicoides obsoletus group species from farm‐associated habitats in Germany
TLDR
Dungheaps were very productive breeding sites for this species and are therefore suggested as a target for potential control measures.
The Pupa of Culicoides sonorensis Wirth and Jones (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae)—First Detailed Description of This Stage of the Bluetongue Virus Vector
TLDR
The pupa of Culicoides (Monoculicoides Khalaf) sonorensis Wirth and Jones is described for the first time in detail based on whole specimens and exuviae to offer one of the most in-depth comparative morphological studies of any ceratopogonid pupa.
Integrative taxonomy to investigate species boundaries within Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae): a case study using subgenus Avaritia from Australasia and Eastern Asia.
TLDR
Because vector competence studies for most of these species are based entirely on Australian populations, the competence of the putative cryptic species identified elsewhere will require independent assessment, and integrative taxonomic assessment requires genetic and morphological assessment of material from the type localities.
Phylogenetic relationships and molecular delimitation of Culicoides Latreille (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) species in the Afrotropical region: interest for the subgenus Avaritia
TLDR
Recon reconstructing phylogenetic relationships within the Avaritia, Remmia and Synhelea subgenera and the Milnei, Neavei and Similis groups of Culicoides using both Bayesian inference and maximum‐likelihood approaches shows that subgenus Remmia is monophyletic.
DNA barcoding and molecular identification of field-collected Culicoides larvae in the Niayes area of Senegal
TLDR
This study proves the efficiency of DNA barcoding for studying Culicoides larval diversity in field samples and is a prerequisite for the implementation of eco-epidemiological studies to better control AHSV in the Niayes region of Senegal, and more generally in sub-Saharan Africa.
Characterization of the larval habitat of Culicoides sonorensis (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) with emphasis on the significance of animal manure and the associated bacterial community
TLDR
Manure of several farm animal species can contribute to C. sonorensis development in the field, and oviposition preferences remain uncertain, as colonized females appeared to show aversion to animal manure, which is in contradiction to the typical presence of C. fatherlandiae larvae in animal waste enhanced muds.
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 31 REFERENCES
Afrotropical Culicoides: a redescription of C. (Avaritia) imicola Kieffer, 1913 (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) with description of the closely allied C. (A.) bolitinos sp. nov. reared from the dung of the African buffalo, blue wildebeest and cattle in South Africa.
  • R. Meiswinkel
  • Biology
    The Onderstepoort journal of veterinary research
  • 1989
TLDR
The existence of C. bolitinos in Nigeria, Kenya, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Lesotho and South Africa is established while C. imicola is newly recorded fromMalawi, Botswana, Namibia and Swaziland.
Afrotropical Culicoides: C. (Avaritia) loxodontis sp. nov., a new member of the Imicola group (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) associated with the African elephant in the Kruger National Park, South Africa.
  • R. Meiswinkel
  • Biology
    The Onderstepoort journal of veterinary research
  • 1992
TLDR
It is suggested that the occurrence of the African elephant is the primary factor that determines the distribution of Culicoides loxodontis sp.
African horsesickness epidemiology: five species of Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) collected live behind the ears and at the dung of the African elephant in the Kruger National Park, South Africa.
TLDR
The life cycle of these Culicoides is broadly sketched, the first for any Afrotropical species of the genus, and the implications the close association between elephant and midge has for the dispersal and geographic distribution of the latter, and how it may influence the involvement of midges in the transmission of diseases such as African horsesickness are discussed.
Afrotropical Culicoides: description and comparison of the pupae of seven species of the Similis supergroup (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae).
TLDR
Indications are that the pupae are of limited help in resolving the systematic subdivision of the Similis supergroup, and available data suggest that pupal morphology can be used to differentiate closely related species.
Afrotropical Culicoides: C (Avaritia) miombo sp. nov., a widespread species closely allied to C. (A.) imicola Kieffer, 1913 (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae).
  • R. Meiswinkel
  • Biology
    The Onderstepoort journal of veterinary research
  • 1991
TLDR
The new species is a member of the Imicola group which consists of 6 species confined to the Afrotropical, Oriental and eastern Palaearctic regions and has in historic times spread to Australia.
Molecular differentiation of the Old World Culicoides imicola species complex (Diptera, Ceratopogonidae), inferred using random amplified polymorphic DNA markers
TLDR
A high degree of polymorphism was detected in the Culicoides imicola complex, most of which was observed within populations (from 64 to 76%).
Multiple vectors and their differing ecologies: observations on two bluetongue and African horse sickness vector Culicoides species in South Africa.
TLDR
The results illustrate that the presence of multiple vectors will complicate both the epidemiology of the orbiviral diseases they transmit and the formulation of rational livestock movement and disease control strategies and the influence that man has on the development of large foci of vector Culicoides around livestock.
The morphology of the immature stages of some South African Culicoides species (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae).
  • E. M. Nevill
  • Biology
    The Onderstepoort journal of veterinary research
  • 1969
TLDR
The morphology of the fourth larval stage of eight South African Culicoides species and of the pupae of seven species was studied and the value of ex isting taxonomic characters was tested and several useful new characters were found.
Afrotropical Culicoides: a redescription of C. (Avaritia) kanagai Khamala & Kettle, 1971, reared from elephant dung in the Kruger National Park, South Africa.
  • R. Meiswinkel
  • Biology
    The Onderstepoort journal of veterinary research
  • 1987
TLDR
The female is redescribed, and the male is described for the first time, and short notes on the larval habitat of C. kanagai are given.
The Species of Culicoides Related to obsoletus in Eastern North America (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae)
The obsoletus group of the subgenus Culicoides ( Avaritia ) is characterized and the four eastern North American species, which were previously included under the names obsoletus (Meigen) and
...
1
2
3
4
...