Comparative cardiovascular biology of lower vertebrates

  title={Comparative cardiovascular biology of lower vertebrates},
  author={William C. Hamlett and Ram{\'o}n Mu{\~n}oz-Ch{\'a}puli},
Vertebrates have the most highly evolved circulatory system in the animal kingdom. It transports hormones, antibodies, nutrients, waste products, and respiratory gases. It removes toxic wastes and is involved in volume and temperature regulation. It is dynamic and adaptable in that it responds rapidly to the needs of the organism; it can repair injuries and leaks and can chart a new course, via collateral circulation, if blockage occurs. On July 26, 1994, a symposium was convened in Lisbon… CONTINUE READING

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