Comparative anatomy of the extraocular muscles in four Myliobatoidei rays (Batoidea, Myliobatiformes)

@article{Cunha2016ComparativeAO,
  title={Comparative anatomy of the extraocular muscles in four Myliobatoidei rays (Batoidea, Myliobatiformes)},
  author={C. Cunha and L. E. Oliveira and J. Kfoury},
  journal={Journal of Anatomy},
  year={2016},
  volume={228}
}
Extraocular muscles are classically grouped as four rectus and two oblique muscles. However, their description and potential associations with species behavior are limited. The objective was to characterize extraocular muscles in four Myliobatoidei rays from diverse habitats with divergent behaviors. Heads (10 per species) of Dasyatis hypostigma, Gymnura altavela, Mobula thurstoni and Pteroplatytrygon violacea were decalcified and dissected to characterize and describe extraocular muscles… Expand
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