Comparative analysis of the carbon footprints of conventional and online retailing: A “last mile” perspective

@article{Edwards2010ComparativeAO,
  title={Comparative analysis of the carbon footprints of conventional and online retailing: A “last mile” perspective},
  author={J. Edwards and A. McKinnon and S. Cullinane},
  journal={International Journal of Physical Distribution \& Logistics Management},
  year={2010},
  volume={40},
  pages={103-123}
}
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to focus on the carbon intensity of “last mile” deliveries (i.e. deliveries of goods from local depots to the home) and personal shopping trips.Design/methodology/approach – Several last mile scenarios are constructed for the purchase of small, non‐food items, such as books, CDs, clothing, cameras and household items. Official government data, operational data from a large logistics service provider, face‐to‐face and telephone interviews with company… Expand

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