Comparative alternative materials assessment to screen toxicity hazards in the life cycle of CIGS thin film photovoltaics.

  title={Comparative alternative materials assessment to screen toxicity hazards in the life cycle of CIGS thin film photovoltaics.},
  author={Daniel A. Eisenberg and Mengjing Yu and Carl W. Lam and Oladele A. Ogunseitan and Julie M. Schoenung},
  journal={Journal of hazardous materials},

Life cycle assessment of photovoltaic manufacturing consortium (PVMC) copper indium gallium (di)selenide (CIGS) modules

PurposeThin film copper indium gallium (di)selenide (CIGS) photovoltaic (PV) modules show promise for significant growth. The Photovoltaics Manufacturing Consortium (PVMC) is leading research and

Cytotoxicity of semiconductor nanoparticles in A549 cells is attributable to their intrinsic oxidant activity

It is demonstrated that semiconductor characteristics of NP are crucial for the type and intensity of the cytotoxic effects, suggesting ROS generation as the main cytotoxicity mechanism.

Reactively Sputtered Zn(O,S) Buffer Layer Suitable for Roll-to-Roll Fabrication of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Devices

One promising pathway to lower the dollar-per-watt ($/W) cost of CIGS PV is by transitioning the entire device fabrication process to high-throughput roll-to-roll (R2R) or sheet-to-sheet



A comparison of window/buffer layer materials for CdTe thin film modules using environmental risk assessment

  • K. HynesJ. Newham
  • Environmental Science
    Conference Record of the Twenty-Eighth IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference - 2000 (Cat. No.00CH37036)
  • 2000
The chemical bath deposition of both cadmium sulphide (CdS) and zinc selenide (ZnSe) window layers has been compared and assessed in terms of the major reactants, transition materials, by-products

Health, safety and environmental risks from the operation of CdTe and CIS thin-film modules

This paper identifies the materials embedded in one type of CIS (copper indium diselenide) and four different types of CdTe (cadmium telluride) thin-film modules. It refers to the results of our

CIGS absorbers and processes

The current status and future perspectives of Cu(In1−xGax)Se2 (CIGS) solar cells and modules will be discussed in this paper. The conversion efficiencies of the state of the art laboratory‐scale CIGS

Integrating toxicity reduction strategies for materials and components into product design: A case study on utility meters

The new screening methodology described can help product designers systematically benchmark toxicity potential in parallel to cost and functionality.

Thin Film Deposition Methods for CuInSe 2 Solar Cells

Abstract CuInSe2 and its alloys with Ga and/or S are among the most promising absorber materials for thin film solar cells. CuInSe2-based solar cells have shown long-term stability and the highest

The time for CIGS

This special issue of Progress in Photovoltaics (PIP) is completely devoted to the state of the art in chalcopyrite Cu(In,Ga)(Se,S)2 (CIGS)-based solar cells research and technology. We made the

Buffer layers and transparent conducting oxides for chalcopyrite Cu(In,Ga)(S,Se)2 based thin film photovoltaics: present status and current developments

The aim of the present contribution is to give a review on the recent work concerning Cd‐free buffer and window layers in chalcopyrite solar cells using various deposition techniques as well as on