Comparative Epidemiology of Dependence on Tobacco , Alcohol , Controlled Substances , and Inhalants : Basic Findings From the National Comorbidity Survey

  title={Comparative Epidemiology of Dependence on Tobacco , Alcohol , Controlled Substances , and Inhalants : Basic Findings From the National Comorbidity Survey},
  author={James C. Anthony and Lynn Alice Warner and Ronald C. Kessler},
Studying prevalence of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (3rd ed., rev., American Psychiatric Association, 1987) drug dependence among Americans 15-54 years old, we found about 1 in 4 (24%) had a history of tobacco dependence; about 1 in 7 (14%) had a history of alcohol dependence; and about 1 in 13 (7.5%) had a history of dependence on an inhalant or controlled drug. About one third of tobacco smokers had developed tobacco dependence and about 15% of drinkers had become alcohol dependent… 

Nicotine Dependence and Regular Nicotine Use in Adult Children of Alcoholics

Regular tobacco use and nicotine dependence are found to be strongly related to having an alcoholic parent, and adult children of alcoholics (ACOAs) had a higher risk of developing nicotine dependence.

Epidemiologic Analysis of Alcohol and Tobacco Use

These estimates indicated that for both alcohol and tobacco, use was already relatively high among the youngest respondents, peaked among young adults, and declined in older age groups, while dependence was similar to that found for tobacco dependence.

Dependence symptoms in young cannabis users? A prospective epidemiological study.

Rates of Psychiatric Comorbidity Among U.S. Residents with Lifetime Cannabis Dependence

It was found that 90% of respondents with cannabis dependence had a lifetime mental disorder, compared to 55% without cannabis dependence, which underscores the importance of thorough and systematic evaluation of patients seeking treatment for cannabis dependence.

Cannabis use disorders in the USA: prevalence, correlates and co-morbidity

Associations between cannabis abuse and dependence and Axis I and II disorders were strong, signaling the need for more comprehensive assessment of individuals with cannabis use disorders.

Predictors of Treatment Contact Among Individuals with Cannabis Dependence

  • V. AgostiF. Levin
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The American journal of drug and alcohol abuse
  • 2004
It is found that persons with cannabis dependence were more likely to contact a professional during the past year if they previously sought treatment and had alcohol dependence with major depression.

The epidemiological profile of alcohol and other drug use in metropolitan China

Psychoactive drug use is common in metropolitan China and public health policies and prevention initiatives may be needed to address associated problems that may increase following the country’s rapid socioeconomic change.



The risk of alcohol abuse and dependence in adulthood: the association with educational level.

In this analysis of prospectively gathered data, the authors sought to estimate the degree to which risk of alcohol abuse and dependence might be elevated among adults who attended but did not

Epidemiology of Substance Abuse Including Alcohol and Cigarette Smoking

The prevalence of drug use, in particular the use of cigarettes, alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine in women aged 15 to 44, and the association between drug use and various sociodemographic characteristics inWomen aged 22 to 44 are addressed.

Level of education and alcohol abuse and dependence in adulthood: a further inquiry.

If these findings can be replicated, they should help identify subgroups at higher risk for the development of alcohol disorders.

The social demography of drug use.

This is the first systematic attempt to integrate data on patterns of use with data on drug dependence/abuse, and an effort is made to account for two paradoxes: blacks report the lowest rate of drug use in general population studies, yet constitute the largest category of treated cases or drug-related casualties.

Comprehensive handbook of drug and alcohol addiction

"Prevalence and Patterns of Use Epidemiology of Alcohol Addiction: United States": United States, John E. Helzer and Audrey Burnam.


The most common lifetime diagnosis was alcohol abuse/dependence, followed by phobia and major depressive episode, and men were more likely to have had substance use disorders and antisocial personality disorder and women more likelyTo have had major depressiveepisode, dysthymia, agoraphobia and simple phobia.

Psychiatric Epidemiology in Korea: Part I: Gender and Age Differences in Seoul

The most dramatic finding was the very high prevalance of alcohol abuse, using DSMI I I criteria, among men in Seoul, Korea. The prevalence of other psychiatric disorders was lower than in St. Louis,

Alcohol dependence: provisional description of a clinical syndrome.

The aim here is to help further to delineate the clinical picture of the alcohol depen dence syndrome, and takes the term syndrome to mean no more than the concurrence of phenomena.

Early-onset drug use and risk of later drug problems.