Comparative Efficacy of Potential Chemical Disinfectants for Treating Unballasted Vessels

  title={Comparative Efficacy of Potential Chemical Disinfectants for Treating Unballasted Vessels},
  author={Larissa L. Sano and Mark A. Mapili and A Kr{\"u}ger and Elena Garc{\'i}a and Duane Gossiaux and Kristen M Phillips and Peter F. Landrum},
The release of ballast water from transoceanic vessels is a major vector for the introduction of nonindigenous species into the Laurentian Great Lakes. This study assessed the effectiveness of treating unballasted transoceanic vessels using three different biocides: glutaraldehyde plus a surfactant adjuvant (Disinfekt 1000®), sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), and SeaKleenTM (menadione and menadione metabisulfite 2:8). Efficacy against several classes of aquatic organisms was evaluated using 24 h… CONTINUE READING


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