Comparable Renal Function at 6 Months with Tacrolimus Combined with Fixed-Dose Sirolimus or MMF: Results of a Randomized Multicenter Trial in Renal Transplantation

Abstract

In a multicenter trial, renal transplant recipients were randomized to tacrolimus with fixed-dose sirolimus (Tac/SRL, N = 318) or tacrolimus with MMF (Tac/MMF, N = 316). Targeted tacrolimus trough levels were lower in the Tac/SRL group after day 14. The primary endpoint was renal function at 6 months using creatinine clearance (Cockcroft-Gault) and was comparable at 66.4 mL/min (SE 1.4) with Tac/SRL and at 65.2mL/min (SE 1.3) with Tac/MMF (completers). Biopsy-confirmed acute rejection was 15.1% (Tac/SRL) and 12.3% (Tac/MMF). In both groups, graft survival was 93% and patient survival was 99.0%. Premature withdrawal due to an adverse event was twice as high in the Tac/SRL group, 15.1% versus 6.3%. Hypercholesterolemia incidence was higher with Tac/SRL (P < .05) while CMV, leukopenia, and diarrhea incidences were higher with Tac/MMF (P < .05). The incidence of any antidiabetic treatment for >30 consecutive days in previously nondiabetic patients was 17.8%, Tac/SRL, and 24.8%, Tac/MMF. Evaluation at 6 months showed comparable renal function using tacrolimus/sirolimus and tacrolimus/MMF regimens.

DOI: 10.1155/2010/731426

Extracted Key Phrases

8 Figures and Tables

Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Gurp2010ComparableRF, title={Comparable Renal Function at 6 Months with Tacrolimus Combined with Fixed-Dose Sirolimus or MMF: Results of a Randomized Multicenter Trial in Renal Transplantation}, author={Eveline A F J van Gurp and J Bustamante Bustamante and Antonio Dom{\'i}nguez Franco and Lionel P E Rostaing and Thomas Becker and {\'E}ric Rondeau and Zenon Czajkowski and Andrzej Rydzewski and Antonio V. Men{\'e}ndez Alarc{\'o}n and Petr Bachleda and Jiř{\'i} Saml{\'i}k and Dirk Burmeister and Luis Manuel Pallard{\'o} and Marie-Christine Moal and Bolesław Rutkowski and Zbigniew Wlodarczyk}, booktitle={Journal of transplantation}, year={2010} }