Comorbid alcohol and nicotine dependence: from the biomolecular basis to clinical consequences.


This article represents the proceedings of a symposium presented at the 12th Congress of the International Society for Biomedical Research on Alcoholism held in Heidelberg/Mannheim, Germany, on October 1, 2004. The organizers and cochairs were Nassima Ait-Daoud, MD, and Gerhard A. Wiesbeck, MD. The presentations included the following:L (1) The Role of… (More)