Comorbid Heart Failure and Renal Impairment: Epidemiology and Management.

  title={Comorbid Heart Failure and Renal Impairment: Epidemiology and Management.},
  author={Pupalan Iyngkaran and Merlin Thomas and William Majoni and Nagesh S. Anavekar and Claudio Ronco},
  journal={Cardiorenal medicine},
  volume={2 4},
Heart failure mortality is significantly increased in patients with baseline renal impairment and those with underlying heart failure who subsequently develop renal dysfunction. This accelerated progression occurs independent of the cause or grade of renal dysfunction and baseline risk factors. Recent large prospective databases have highlighted the depth of the current problem, while longitudinal population studies support an increasing disease burden. We have extensively reviewed the… CONTINUE READING