Commuting Gazes

  title={Commuting Gazes},
  author={Alisa Freedman},
  journal={The Journal of Transport History},
  pages={23 - 36}
  • A. Freedman
  • Published 1 March 2002
  • History
  • The Journal of Transport History
In early 20th century Tokyo, female secondary school students and middle-class businessmen emerged from social, ideological, and economic changes and commuted from suburbia to inner-city schools and offices by electric train. Railways and trams became places for observing and being observed, and female passengers were often the objects of unwelcome attention. Increased use of urban transport extended the opportunities for men and women to work, study, and interact, but trains were, at times… 

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