Community water fluoridation and caries prevention: a critical review

@article{Pizzo2007CommunityWF,
  title={Community water fluoridation and caries prevention: a critical review},
  author={Giuseppe Pizzo and Maria R Piscopo and Ignazio Pizzo and Giovanna Giuliana},
  journal={Clinical Oral Investigations},
  year={2007},
  volume={11},
  pages={189-193}
}
The aim of this paper was to critically review the current role of community water fluoridation in preventing dental caries. Original articles and reviews published in English language from January 2001 to June 2006 were selected through MEDLINE database. Other sources were taken from the references of the selected papers. For the past 50 years community water fluoridation has been considered the milestone of caries prevention and as one of the major public health measures of the 20th century… 
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TLDR
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WFP in Gimhae City, Korea reduced the prevalence of dental caries and is recommended as a public oral health program where a fluoride-containing toothpastes are commonly used.
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After CWF cessation in Israel, rates of dental treatments significantly increased, and new confirmatory evidence helps decision makers understand the importance of adding fluoride to drinking water.
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References

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Water fluoridation in Australia.
TLDR
Community water fluoridation continues to be the most effective and socially equitable measure for caries prevention among all ages by achieving community-wide exposure to the caries preventive effects of fluoride.
History of water fluoridation.
TLDR
The similarity in caries reductions obtained in water fluoridation studies and long-term studies with topically administered fluoride regimens, including fluoride-containing dentifrices, indicates that the pre-eruptive effect of fluoride is of borderline significance relative to the more significant post-erUptive effect.
Effective use of fluorides for the prevention of dental caries in the 21st century: the WHO approach.
TLDR
It is concluded that water fluoridation and use of fluoride toothpastes and mouthrinses significantly reduce the prevalence of dental caries.
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TLDR
It is recommended that a community should use no more than one systemic fluoride combined with the use of fluoride toothpastes, and that the prevalence of dental fluorosis should be monitored in order to detect increases in or higher-than-acceptable levels.
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Systematic review of water fluoridation
TLDR
The evidence of a beneficial reduction in caries should be considered together with the increased prevalence of dental fluorosis, as there was no clear evidence of other potential adverse effects.
Caries Prevalence after Cessation of Water Fluoridation in La Salud, Cuba
TLDR
In 1997, following the cessation of drinking water fluoridation, in contrast to an expected rise in caries prevalence, DMFT and DMFS values remained at a low level for the 6– to 9–year-olds and appeared to decrease for the 10/11–year–olds; a possible explanation for this unexpected finding is the effect of the school Mouthrinsing programme, which has involved fortnightly mouthrinses with 0.2% NaF solutions.
Fluoridation and social equity.
  • B. Burt
  • Medicine, Political Science
    Journal of public health dentistry
  • 2002
TLDR
This paper argues that water fluoridation is still needed because it is the most effective and practical method of reducing the SES-based disparities in the burden of dental caries and should remain as a public health priority.
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TLDR
Most of the European scientific dental associations no longer recommend the use of fluoride supplements, such as fluoride tablets or drops, as a standard procedure in caries prevention, due to the increasing evidence that the effect of fluoride is mainly the result of chemical reactions on the tooth surface.
Severity of dental caries among 12-year-old Sudanese children with different fluoride exposure
TLDR
This study failed to demonstrate an effect of fluoride in drinking water on caries experience when the end point was molars indicated for extraction or missing because of caries.
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