Community-Based Planning as a Source of Political Change: The Transit Equity Movement of Los Angeles' Bus Riders Union

@article{Grengs2002CommunityBasedPA,
  title={Community-Based Planning as a Source of Political Change: The Transit Equity Movement of Los Angeles' Bus Riders Union},
  author={Joe Grengs},
  journal={Journal of the American Planning Association},
  year={2002},
  volume={68},
  pages={165 - 178}
}
  • Joe Grengs
  • Published 30 June 2002
  • Sociology
  • Journal of the American Planning Association
Abstract Metropolitan regions in the U.S. are increasingly turning to public transit to address the serious problems of air pollution and traffic congestion. But they may not be capable of simultaneously luring suburban commuters out of their cars while maintaining good access to dispersing metropolitan opportunities for people who cannot drive. After an expensive rail rapid transit system to the suburbs was built in Los Angeles, a grassroots citizen movement used a civil rights lawsuit to… 
Public transportation objectives and rider demographics: are transit’s priorities poor public policy?
Strong public and political support for mass transit in the U.S. is based on lofty goals, including congestion reduction, economic development, aesthetics, sustainability, and much more. Yet, as is
Investigating the Connection Between Transit-Oriented Development and Displacement: Four Hypotheses
Transit-oriented development (TOD) has become a predominant planning model in many cities. However, although access to public transit is often seen as benefiting low-income groups, in some cities
‘Pray for transit’: Seeking transportation justice in metropolitan Atlanta
On 4 November 2014, voters in Clayton County, Georgia, approved a referendum to join the Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority (MARTA), Atlanta’s regional transit agency. The historic vote was
Urban Planning, Community Participation, and the Roxbury Master Plan in Boston
This article examines the role and impact of community participation in the development of the Roxbury Master Plan in Boston, Massachusetts. It describes how residents and activists utilized the
Transportation Planning and Regional Equity: History, Policy, and Practice
Author(s): Karner, Alex | Abstract: This dissertation investigates regional transportation planning in California from 1967 through the contemporary era, identifying advocates for regional equity as
Citizen Participation in the Public Transportation Policy Process
This paper provides a comparative analysis of citizen participatory mechanisms used within transit planning. This research focuses on two cities that institutionalized citizen participation through a
Social Equity in Transit Service: Toward Social and Environmental Justice in Transportation
This dissertation explores social equity as it applies to public transportation. Transit has long been considered a tool to alleviate inequity by limiting the effects of spatial mismatch and
Social Equity and Bus On-Time Performance in Canada’s Largest City
Bus routes provide critical lifelines to disadvantaged travelers in major cities. Bus route performance is also more variable than the performance of other, grade-separated transit modes. Yet the
Evolution and Effect of Transportation Policy on Public Transit
The United Nations predicts that half the world's population will live in cities by 2008. Thus, rapid urban sprawl, and especially its traffic congestion, is a global problem. Meeting mobility needs
Promoting Employment In Transit Construction Projects by Members of Minority and Low-Income Communities
This project had a dual aim: understanding the extent to which local low-income and minorities participate in employment generated by transit projects and identifying practices to increase their
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 98 REFERENCES
CONFRONTING TRANSIT RACISM IN LOS ANGELES. IN: JUST TRANSPORTATION: DISMANTLING RACE & CLASS BARRIERS TO MOBILITY
This article describes how a dramatic increase in the cost of public transportation in Los Angeles County was challenged in 1994 by advocacy groups on behalf of the count'ys 500,000 minority poor
Why BART but no LART? The political economy of rail rapid transit planning in the Los Angeles and San Francisco metropolitan areas, 1945–57
There is as yet no Los Angeles Rapid Transit (LART) system, although the Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) system has been in existence for many years. This paper attempts to clarify why this is so, by
The Dynamics of Transit Innovation in Los Angeles
The recent reemergence of the private sector in urban transit, as well as private-sector-like behavior in the public sector, are manifestations of profound political and fiscal crises that are
Does Public Transit Counteract the Segregation of Carless Households? Measuring Spatial Patterns of Accessibility
Although local transit agencies struggle to keep pace with low-density urban development, most people who depend on transit continue to live in concentrated clusters at the core of metropolitan
Transport of Delight: The Mythical Conception of Rail Transit in Los Angeles
This is a true interdisciplinary work which includes a thorough analytical assessment of the Los Angeles rail programme, with a focus on the Long Beach Blue Line light rail-the first of the new
Learning from Los Angeles: transport, urban form, and air quality
Los Angeles is well known around the world as an automobile-oriented low density community, yet recent transportation policies have emphasized greater capital investment in rail transportation than
Public Perceptions, Fiscal Realities, and Freeway Planning: The California Case
Focusing on plans and planning debates can obscure the critical role that public finance plays in shaping planning outcomes. This paper explores the important role of finance by examining the
THE URBAN TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM. POLITICS AND POLICY INNOVATION
This book is presented in three parts: part 1, The Politics, reviews the postwar history of urban transport policy and advances some propositions for ranking potential innovations according to their
The Geography Of Urban Transportation
Part 1. Setting the Scene. Hanson, The Context of Urban Travel: Concepts and Recent Trends. Leinbach, City Interactions: The Dynamics of Passenger and Freight Flows. Muller, Transportation and Urban
Variations in Fare Payment and Public Subsidy by Race and Ethnicity: An Examination of the Los Angeles Metropolitan Transportation Authority
Transit agencies often pursue ostensibly race-neutral policies that, given both the cost structure of public transit and the systematic variations in ridership patterns by race/ethnicity, have
...
1
2
3
4
5
...