Communicating with mechanically ventilated patients: state of the science.

  title={Communicating with mechanically ventilated patients: state of the science.},
  author={Mary Beth Happ},
  journal={AACN clinical issues},
  volume={12 2},
The literature clearly establishes the problems and difficulties of loss of speech among mechanically ventilated patients in the intensive care unit. Critical care nurses typically receive little or no training in the interpretation of nonvocal communication or in the assessment and application of augmentative communication methods. This article presents an integrative review of the research and related literature on communication with adult patients in critical care settings. Clinical issues… CONTINUE READING

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