Communicating Identity in the Ottoman Empire and Some Implications for Contemporary States

@article{McDonald2015CommunicatingII,
  title={Communicating Identity in the Ottoman Empire and Some Implications for Contemporary States},
  author={Sean M. McDonald and Simon Moore},
  journal={Atlantic Journal of Communication},
  year={2015},
  volume={23},
  pages={269 - 283}
}
Do premodern states have anything to suggest to governments managing their identity in this era of communication volatility? The techniques used by the Ottoman Empire repay close study. The Empire lasted for more than six centuries, almost living up to its imperial motto: “The Eternal State.” It faced the problem of cultivating an identity for a remarkable range of geographic, religious, cultural, and ethnic identities. How did it project an identity strong enough to counterbalance potential… 

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