Commonalities and differences in close relationships among the Americans and Japanese: A comparison by the individualism/collectivism concept

@article{Takahashi2002CommonalitiesAD,
  title={Commonalities and differences in close relationships among the Americans and Japanese: A comparison by the individualism/collectivism concept},
  author={Keiko Takahashi and Naomi Ohara and Toni C Antonucci and Hiroko Akiyama},
  journal={International Journal of Behavioral Development},
  year={2002},
  volume={26},
  pages={453 - 465}
}
We examined commonalities and differences of close relationships among the Americans and Japanese by using three major propositions extracted from the individualism/collectivism concept. Responses to three kinds of social relationship scales, i.e., affective, instrumental, and conflict, were compared. Americans (N = 547) and Japanese (N = 808) of 20 to 64 years of age rated at least four significant others out of five, i.e., mother, father, partner/spouse, a child, and same-gender friend… 

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