Common predictors of smoking cessation in clinical practice.

  title={Common predictors of smoking cessation in clinical practice.},
  author={Pasquale Caponnetto and Riccardo Polosa},
  journal={Respiratory medicine},
  volume={102 8},

Handling relapse in smoking cessation: strategies and recommendations

The challenge of managing smokers who relapse in the course of a smoking cessation program is addressed and knowledge may lead to an improved smoking cessation outcomes.

Predictors of short-term success in smoking cessation in relation to attendance at a smoking cessation program.

Attending more sessions of a smoking cessation program, NRT, and coping with withdrawal and psychosocial symptoms increases the chance of short-term success in smoking cessation.

Are we addressing relevant determinants of smoking cessation?

The identification of factors that may predict success in smoking cessation efforts is highly desirable as this could help to match smokers with a strategy more likely to help them quit, as well as

Six Month Abstinence Heterogeneity in the Best Quit Study.

  • H. JavitzT. Bush B. Spring
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
  • 2019
Results indicate the presence of a substantial variation in abstinence following treatment, and that the total extent of contact via counseling calls of any type and baseline characteristics, rather than assigned treatment, were most important to subgroup membership and abstinence.

Lifestyle and Long-Term Smoking Cessation

Individuals who want to quit smoking should be encouraged to increase their level of physical activity and Swedish health care institutions should be able to provide support for this both initially and over time to promote the long-term maintenance of a smoke-free lifestyle.

Factors Correlated with Smoking Cessation Success in Older Adults: A Retrospective Cohort Study in Taiwan

It is suggested that varenicline use may help in smoking cessation in older adults, compared to NRT, and other baseline characteristics may not affect the success rate ofsmoking cessation in this population.

Predictors of treatment success in smoking cessation with varenicline combined with nicotine replacement therapy v. varenicline alone.

Older age and lower daily cigarette consumption are associated with a higher likelihood of abstinence in patients using varenicline, regardless of the addition of NRT, and an association between abstinence and lower nicotine dependence, older age at smoking initiation and positive reinforcement is found.



Smoking cessation: Principles and practice based upon the AHCPR Guideline, 1996

  • M. FioreD. JorenbyT. Baker
  • Medicine, Political Science
    Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
  • 1997
This article presents a simple four-step model for clinical smoking cessation interventions, including systematic indentification of smoking status, brief cessation advice from clinicians, assessment of patient motivation, and detailed assistance for those willing to stop smoking.

Pharmacotherapy of smoking cessation.

Physicians, especially those in primary care specialties, should familiarize themselves with approved medications, benefits, adverse effects, and appropriate use of these products to improve efforts to help their patients stop smoking.

Smoking Cessation in Individuals with Depression

The efficacy, suitability and other treatment issues involved in using nicotine replacement therapy, antidepressant treatment and cognitive-behavioural interventions to help depressed smokers quit smoking are discussed.

Sociodemographic predictors of success in smoking intervention

Age, sex, and housing conditions have a major effect on smoking cessation in European smokers participating in smoking cessation programmes.

Predictors of quitting and dropout among women in a clinic-based smoking cessation program.

The authors analyzed these outcomes separately using multinomial regression to model the relative risk of quitting versus continued smoking and dropping out and found that self-efficacy was associated with a lower likelihood of dropout.

Use of simple advice and behavioural support

  • T. Coleman
  • Medicine
    BMJ : British Medical Journal
  • 2004
The most effective methods of helping smokers to quit smoking combine pharmacotherapy (such as nicotine or bupropion) with advice and behavioural support, which is probably most effective in smokers with established smoking related disease.

Factors associated with successful smoking cessation in the United States, 2000.

Successful quitters were more likely than those unable to quit to have rules against smoking in their homes, less likely to have switched to light cigarettes for health concerns, and more likely to be aged 35 years or older, married or living with a partner, and non-Hispanic White.

Abstinence rates and predictors of outcome for smoking cessation: do Brazilian smokers need special strategies?

The higher percentage of smoking cessation was achieved using multiple therapies (counseling + NRT + bupropion) and the only significant predictor of failure detected was severe nicotine dependence.