Common Sole Larvae Survive High Levels of Pile-Driving Sound in Controlled Exposure Experiments

@inproceedings{Bolle2012CommonSL,
  title={Common Sole Larvae Survive High Levels of Pile-Driving Sound in Controlled Exposure Experiments},
  author={Loes J. Bolle and Christ A. F. de Jong and Stijn M. Bierman and Pieter J. G. van Beek and Olvin A. van Keeken and Peter W. Wessels and Cindy J. G. van Damme and Hendrik V. Winter and Dick de Haan and Ren{\'e} P. A. Dekeling},
  booktitle={PloS one},
  year={2012}
}
In view of the rapid extension of offshore wind farms, there is an urgent need to improve our knowledge on possible adverse effects of underwater sound generated by pile-driving. Mortality and injuries have been observed in fish exposed to loud impulse sounds, but knowledge on the sound levels at which (sub-)lethal effects occur is limited for juvenile and adult fish, and virtually non-existent for fish eggs and larvae. A device was developed in which fish larvae can be exposed to underwater… CONTINUE READING
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