Common Misconceptions about Recycling

  title={Common Misconceptions about Recycling},
  author={Roland Geyer and Brandon Kuczenski and Trevor Zink and Ashley Henderson},
  journal={Journal of Industrial Ecology},
The recycling of material resources lies at the heart of the industrial ecology (IE) metaphor. The very notion of the industrial ecosystem is motivated by the idea that we should learn from natural ecosystems how to “close the loop.” Recycling is not just central to IE, it is part of everyday life. Unfortunately, how the IE community and the public at large think about recycling includes several misconceptions that have the potential to misguide environmental assessments, policies, and actions… 
Material Recycling and the Myth of Landfill Diversion
Proponents of material recycling typically point to two environmental benefits: disposal (landfill/incinerator) reduction and primary production displacement. However, in this paper we mathematically
The Ecological Criteria of Circular Growth and the Rebound Risk of Closed Loops
The implementation practices of the circular economy (CE) put a strong emphasis on preventing material losses in economic processes. The general interpretation of the concept focuses on closing
Restorative and regenerative: Exploring the concepts in the circular economy
The most recognized definition of the circular economy is that it is a restorative and regenerative economy. Despite the wide use and importance attributed to the concepts of “restoration” and
Managing Cd Containing Waste—Caught by the Past, the Circular Economy Needs New Answers
What is understood by the circular economy concept is the re-use and recycling of used materials and waste. In many used products, hazardous compounds are found or might be present either because of
The circular economy's closed loop and product service systems for sustainable development: A review and appraisal
530 © 2018 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Abstract This review paper examines relevant regulatory guidelines, policies, and recommendations on sustainable development, where it traces the origins of
Global Life Cycle Paper Flows, Recycling Metrics, and Material Efficiency
Despite major improvements in recycling over the last decades, the pulp and paper sector is a significant contributor to global greenhouse gas emissions and other environmental pressures. Further


Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things
'Reduce, reuse, and recycle' urge environmentalists; in other words, do more with less in order to minimize damage. But as architect William McDonough and chemist Michael Braungart point out in this
The value of recycling to society and its internalization into LCA methodology
A methodology is proposed for taking recycling, an essential activity of the developed economies, into account within LCA tools. The reasoning for choosing the methodology is exposed step by step.
A Market‐Based Framework for Quantifying Displaced Production from Recycling or Reuse
The most significant environmental benefit of recycling or reusing a wide range of products and materials is typically the potential to displace primary material production; lack of displacement
A market-based approach to allocation at open-loop recycling
Declaration by the Metals Industry on Recycling Principles
About metal recycling Metals are highly recyclable and in fact a large percentage of metallic material is effectively recycled. Collected metal scrap is converted to new material of equal or similar
Economic Allocation in LCA: A Case Study About Aluminium Window Frames
A traditional problem in LCA is how to deal with processes where recycled material is used as an input or where the output of a process is further used as raw material in another product system
Evaluation of Life Cycle Assessment Recycling Allocation Methods
Life cycle assessment practitioners struggle to accurately allocate environmental burdens of metals recycling, including the temporal dimension of environmental impacts. We analyze four approaches
Allocation rule for open-loop recycling in life cycle assessment
Recycling of a product can lead to the same product or to other products. Within the Inventory Analysis of LCA, the first process is called closed-loop recycling and poses relatively small
Life Cycle Carbon Footprint of Re-Refined versus Base Oil That Is Not Re-Refined
Consumers, communities, and regulators are focusing on recycling as a method to potentially reduce environmental impacts. One such recycling approach, the re-refining of used motor oil, is purported
What a waste? : a global review of solid waste management
Solid waste management is the one thing just about every city government provides for its residents. While service levels, environmental impacts and costs vary dramatically, solid waste management is