Common Loons respond adaptively to a black fly that reduces nesting success

  title={Common Loons respond adaptively to a black fly that reduces nesting success},
  author={Walter Piper and Keren B. Tischler and Andrew Reinke},
  journal={The Auk},
  pages={788 - 797}
ABSTRACT Nesting birds must often cope with harassment from biting insects, but it is difficult to ascertain what effect such pests might have on breeding success and population dynamics. We tested the hypothesis that a black fly (Simulium annulus) that feeds on the blood of nesting Common Loons (Gavia immer) causes nest abandonment in this charismatic diving bird. In addition, we measured effects of fly-induced abandonment on a loon population, and examined potential predictors of fly… Expand
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