Commodification, culture and tourism

  title={Commodification, culture and tourism},
  author={Robert J. Shepherd},
  journal={Tourist Studies},
  pages={183 - 201}
  • R. Shepherd
  • Published 1 August 2002
  • Sociology
  • Tourist Studies
This article revisits the question of tourism’s role in the commodification of culture. I argue that an acceptance of a cause and effect relationship between tourism and cultural commodification requires an acceptance of a problematic notion of ‘authenticity’. This is because the belief that tourism causes cultural commodification is based on a largely unexamined reliance on Marx’s labor theory of value, source of what Barbara Herrnstein Smith has referred to as a ‘double discourse of value… 
Tourism, capital, and the commodification of place
The tourism industries remain inadequately and inconsistently theorised as a form of capitalist development despite their immense ability to transform spaces and economies. The fundamental
An analysis of culture as a tourism commodity.
The notion of culture has been the object of multidisciplinary studies attempting, with difficulty, to define this polyhedral social concept expressed in symbolic representations. Culture has a
Commodification of Culture: Selling India
The aim of this paper is to summarise recent ideas regarding commodification of culture and to take a brief look into various forms of this process in India, especially those related to tourism, and
An insight into the product culture as a commodity for tourism, with the British National Tourist Organisation perspective
The complexity of the notion of culture has been the object of multidisciplinary studies attempting, with difficulties, to attribute definitions, boundaries and classifications to this polyhedric
The Commodification of Culture: Bhutan’s Tourism in Globalisation Context
The Bhutanese culture is one of the most important cultures of the world and has a unique identity. The richness of culture and nature have made Bhutan become a major destination for tourism. The
Botswana is promoting cultural tourism to diversify the country's nature-based tourism industry, to increase citizen participation in tourism development; and, improve rural livelihoods. The
Creative Commodification of rural life from a performance perspective: A study of two south-east Estonian farm tourism enterprises
The commodification of rural life emerges when a community’s culture, previously developing in tacit cultural practices, has moved from a self-regulating process to a consciously acknowledged
Cultural sensitivity: Engaging difference in tourism
Turkey, Tourism and Interpellated ‘Westernness’: Inscribing Collective Visitor Subjectivity
Abstract That tourism's representation of places in terms of the clichéd and the banal is a means to overcome consumer uncertainty is surely an unproblematic observation. None the less it invites
Model of Cultural Tourism Development Based on Conservation And Commodification (Survey On Several Cultural Tourism Objects In South Central Timor)
The presence of tourism in the cultural context has given a positive impact towards the level of local and community income, job creation, employment, developing the community trade sector,


Bali: Cultural Tourism and Touristic Culture
Celebrated for the richness of its artistic and religious traditions, the island of Bali has made its culture the brand image of its tourist product. This has aroused fears among foreign observers
The Rumour of Calcutta: Tourism, Charity and the Poverty of Representation
A study of the politics of representation, this book explores the discursive construction of a ‘city of intensities‘. The author analyses representations of Calcutta in a wide variety of
Hosts and Guests: The Anthropology of Tourism
Tourism-one of the world's largest industries-has long been appreciated for its economic benefits, but in this volume tourism receives a unique systematic scrutiny as a medium for cultural exchange.
Tourism as an Anthropological Subject [and Comments and Reply]
This paper provides a critical evaluationof the growing number of anthropologically oriented studies of tourism and proposes a conceptual framework for future studies. A cross-culturally viable
The anthropology of tourism
Cultural Studies And Cultural Value
Cultural Studies and Cultural Value is a major critique of the important new discipline of cultural studies. Cultural studies has generally organized itself around the opposition of high to low
Economies of signs and space
This is a novel account of social change that supplants conventional understandings of `society' and presents a sociology that takes as its main unit of analysis flows through time and across space.
Use-Value, Exchange Value, and the Demise of Marx's Labor Theory of Value
  • S. Keen
  • Economics
    Journal of the History of Economic Thought
  • 1993
Karl Marx was the greatest champion of the labor theory of value. The logical problems of this theory have, however, split scholars of Marx into two factions: those who regard it as an indivisible
Representations of International Tourism in the Social Sciences: Sun, Sex, Sights, Savings, and Servility
Travel seems to generate consistently ambivalent or contradictory representa­ tions. Why is it that Levi-Strauss opens his travel autobiography Tristes Tropiques, which brought him such fame, by