Commerce and Conversation in the Eighteenth-Century Atlantic: The Invention of Madeira Wine

  title={Commerce and Conversation in the Eighteenth-Century Atlantic: The Invention of Madeira Wine},
  author={David Hancock},
  journal={Journal of Interdisciplinary History},
  • David Hancock
  • Published 1998
  • History
  • Journal of Interdisciplinary History
Commerce and Conversation in the Eighteenth-Century Atlantic: The Invention of Madeira Wine In I807, Madeira was the foremost luxury drink of the day-not a common beverage wine, but an expensive, exotic, status-laden, and highly processed wine produced on the Portuguese island of Madeira, 500 miles west of Morocco. By way of contrast, in I703, it was a cheap, simple table wine, made from a base of white grape must to which growers and exporters added varying amounts of red must in order to give… 

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Barry's inºuence is a far more likely one on the Anglo-centered Portuguese. On Fernandes and the ªrst estufas, see History of Estufa Heating

  • Arquivo Historico Ultramarino

Concerning the rise of alternative wines after the Revolution, see Newton & Gordon to Hugh Moore

  • Arquivo Marino Ultramarino

Directions for health, natural and artiªciall

    Visitors to the island, especially those among the foreign merchant community, remarked on it

      Gordon of Letterfourie Papers; Provedoria da Fazenda, no. 942, ff. 19-20, Arquivo Regional Madeira, Funchal; Newton & Gordon to Kearny & Gilbert

        For previous feints, see Francis Newton to Newton & Gordon

          The love of experiment should not be overlooked

            136, 149; The Independent Chronicle and the Universal Advertiser

            • Diary and Autobiography of John Adams