Commentary: Botulinum A exotoxin in clinical dermatology.

  • Alastair Carruthers, Jean Carruthers
  • Published 2013 in Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology


‘‘The idea of using the toxin for purely cosmetic purposes arose from the observation that therapy for facial dystonias markedly decreased lines and wrinkles in the treated areas.’’ dermatologists it is now necessary to have knowledge of BoNTA basic science, relevant anatomy, and the practicalities of BoNTA vial reconstitution and injection. None of this… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.jaad.2012.09.020

Cite this paper

@article{Carruthers2013CommentaryBA, title={Commentary: Botulinum A exotoxin in clinical dermatology.}, author={Alastair Carruthers and Jean Carruthers}, journal={Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology}, year={2013}, volume={69 1}, pages={160-1} }