Commentary: Manipulators and Manipulation: Public Opinion in a Representative Democracy

  title={Commentary: Manipulators and Manipulation: Public Opinion in a Representative Democracy},
  author={Lawrence R. Jacobs},
  journal={Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law},
  pages={1361 - 1374}
  • L. Jacobs
  • Published 1 December 2001
  • Political Science
  • Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
�� Politicians and special interests have attempted to capture and manipulate citizens for as long as recorded history. The question is not whether elites attempt to manipulate citizens but whether and to what degree they succeed. Is public opinion relatively autonomous from the willful strategies of politicians and private interests to manipulate it in specific directions? Or, are citizens willfully manipulated into engaging in a form of mass karaoke in which they mouth “opinions that they… 


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