Commentary: Defining Hypnosis

@article{Spiegel2005CommentaryDH,
  title={Commentary: Defining Hypnosis},
  author={Herbert Spiegel and Marcia Greenleaf},
  journal={American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis},
  year={2005},
  volume={48},
  pages={111 - 116}
}
The invitation to comment on the new definition of hypnosis published by Division 30 of APA gives me (H.S.) an occasion to express some thoughts that I have had for quite some time. The article, “Forging Ahead: The 2003 APA Division 30 Definition of Hypnosis” (Green, Barabasz, Barrett & Montgomery, 2005), represents a major effort to consolidate various points of view in the field of hypnosis. After reading it, I became concerned that the resulting definition of hypnosis is more confusing than… 
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The ramifications of the facts espoused in Kirsch, Mazzoni and Montgomery's paper and their interrelationships for the future of professional hypnosis (experimental, clinical and forensic) are identified and discussed.
On the Centrality of the Concept of an Altered State to Definitions of Hypnosis.
Compilers of most dictionaries and encyclopaedias seem to have similar views on the fundamental defining characteristic of hypnosis: it is an altered state of consciousness. In contrast, experts in
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Past American Psychological Association Division 30 committees have attempted to define hypnosis (i.e. Green, Barabasz, Barrett, & Montgomery, 2005; Kirsch, 1994a, 1994b). The painstaking efforts
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This is an elaborate critique that uses many old concepts regarding hypnosis as a basis for its premises. It would help move the field forward, and out of the past, if the authors would take into
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  • H. Sutcher
  • Psychology, Medicine
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  • 2008
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Four case studies illustrate how traditional or modern hypnotizability assessment is irrelevant in the clinical setting and how it evolved willy-nilly, and like Topsy, “just growed” into its current status in medicine, psychiatry, psychology and dentistry.
Advancing Research and Practice: The Revised APA Division 30 Definition of Hypnosis
TLDR
The history, rationale, and guidelines for developing a new definition of hypnosis are described, as well as definitions of the following related terms: hypnotic induction, hypnotizability, and hypnotherapy.
Advancing Research and Practice: The Revised APA Division 30 Definition of Hypnosis
TLDR
The history, rationale, and guidelines for developing a new definition of hypnosis are described as well as definitions of the following related terms: hypnotic induction, hypnotizability, and hypnotherapy.
Hypnosis, Hypnotizability, and Placebo
  • E. Frischholz
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The American journal of clinical hypnosis
  • 2015
TLDR
The possibility that there may be such thing as a “good placebo responder (GPR)” is questioned, while the known clinical value of hypnotizability assessment is reaffirmed.
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References

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Forging Ahead: The 2003 APA Division 30 Definition of Hypnosis
Abstract The article describes the rationale for and the process of developing a new definition of hypnosis by the Society of Psychological Hypnosis, Division 30 of the American Psychological
Psychometric analysis of the Hypnotic Induction Profile.
TLDR
These are the sequential phases of trance experience as monitored by the HIP, and as expected from the factor analysis, eye-roll is little related to the HIP graded by either scoring method.
Personality style and hypnotizability: the fix-flex continuum.
TLDR
It is proposed that measuring hypnotizability and personality style is a way to clarify diagnosis and choose appropriate treatment strategies to maximize existing biopsychosocial resources of an individual with a specific problem in a particular context.
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TLDR
An explanation which simultaneously takes into account Barber's data and reaffirms the diagnositic utility of hypnotic responsivity scores is offered.
Psychopathology, hypnotizability, and dissociation.
TLDR
Routine hypnotizability assessment may be useful in the differential diagnosis of patients with dissociative disorders and the intercorrelations between the various hypnotIZability measures within the normal group were very similar to those observed in the combined patient groups.
On the degree of stability of measured hypnotizability over a 25-year period.
Conducted a longitudinal study of hypnotizability, as measured by the Stanford Hypnotic Susceptibility Scale, Form A, that yielded a relatively high degree of stability in hypnotic responsiveness
Hypnotizability and psychopathology.
TLDR
All of the diagnosed patients (those with thought disorder, affective disorder, generalized anxiety, and miscellaneous disorders) were significantly less hypnotizable than the nonpatient comparison group; this effect was unrelated to age or medication differences.
? + ? = creativity.
TLDR
This review, encompassing most subspecialties in the study of creativity and focusing on twenty-first-century literature, reveals both a growing interest in creativity among psychologists and a growing fragmentation in the field.
Increased anterior corpus callosum size associated positively with hypnotizability and the ability to control pain.
TLDR
Results provide support to the neuropsychophysiological model that HHs have more effective frontal attentional systems implementing control, monitoring performance and inhibiting unwanted stimuli from conscious awareness, than LHs.
Attention and Hypnosis: Neural Substrates and Genetic Associations of Two Converging Processes
  • A. Raz
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The International journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis
  • 2005
TLDR
Underlining data from attentional networks, neuroimaging, and genetics, these findings should help to explain individual differences in hypnotizability and the neural systems subserving hypnosis.
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