Coming out of the Shadows: Learning about Legal Status and Wages from the Legalized Population

@article{Kossoudji2002ComingOO,
  title={Coming out of the Shadows: Learning about Legal Status and Wages from the Legalized Population},
  author={Sherrie A. Kossoudji and Deborah A Cobb-Clark},
  journal={Journal of Labor Economics},
  year={2002},
  volume={20},
  pages={598 - 628}
}
The 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) granted amnesty to approximately 1.7 million long‐term unauthorized workers in an effort to bring them “out of the shadows” and improve their labor market opportunities. An analysis of wages using panel data for a sample of legalized men provides evidence that wage determinants are structurally different after amnesty for them but not for the comparison group as measured during the same time periods. The wage penalty for being unauthorized is… 

Legalization and human capital accumulation

This paper presents new evidence regarding the effects of legalization on the training of immigrants who were granted legal status through the US Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) of 1986.

WAGE AND MOBILITY EFFECTS OF LEGALIZATION: EVIDENCE FROM THE NEW IMMIGRANT SURVEY

ABSTRACT Using New Immigrant Survey data, we identify immigrants who were unauthorized to work prior to obtaining Legal Permanent Resident status, and examine whether lacking legal status to work in

A PATHWAY TO HOMEOWNERSHIP? EVIDENCE FROM THE IMMIGRATION REFORM AND CONTROL ACT OF 1986

The impact of legal status on economic outcomes has been well documented in the literature with most research focused on labor market outcomes such as wages and occupational mobility. In this paper,

Did Employer Sanctions Lose Their Bite? Labor Market Effects of Immigrant Legalization

Taking advantage of the ability to identify immigrants who were unauthorized to work prior to obtaining Legal Permanent Resident status, we use the New Immigrant Survey to examine whether lacking

Comparing Wage Gains from Small and Mass Scale Immigrant Legalization Programs

In this paper I estimate the difference in wage gains from legalization between immigrants who were legalized on the basis of family ties, or smaller scale legalization programs, and those who were

The Impact of Amnesty on Labor Market Outcomes: A Panel Study Using the Legalized Population Survey

This paper tests whether amnesty, a provision of the 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA), affected the labor market outcomes of the legalized population. Using the Legalized Population

On Estimating the Effects of Immigrant Legalization: Do U.S. Agricultural Workers Really Benefit?

The question of whether legalization affects immigrants' economic returns has been the focus of many empirical studies in recent decades. Results have consistently shown that there are significant

The Effect of Legalization on the Labor Markets of Latin American Immigrants: A Gendered Comparison

Abstract The impact of legalization on the labor market outcomes of those Latin American immigrants granted amnesty by the Immigration, Reform, and Control Act of 1986 is considered, paying special

New Evidence on the Impact of Legal Status on Immigrant Labor Market Performance: The Spanish Case

Using a recent and rich Spanish data set on immigrants, we examine the impact of legal status on two measures of labor market performance: the likelihood of being employed and earnings. The Spanish

By the Time I Get to Arizona: Estimating the Impact of the Legal Arizona Workers Act on Migrant Outflows

In 2007, the State of Arizona passed the Legal Arizona Workers Act (LAWA) which required all employers to verify the legal status of all prospective employees. Replicating existing results from the
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 49 REFERENCES

The Influence of Legal Status on the Labor Market Impact of Immigration 1

  • T. Bailey
  • Economics
    The International migration review
  • 1985
TLDR
The theoretical analysis suggests that the influence of legal status on market wage rates and on minimum wage enforcement is weak and that to the extent that there is an effect, it depends on particular institutional arrangements.

Is there an immigration status wage differential between legal and undocumented workers? Evidence from the Los Angeles garment industry.

This paper examines the question of whether the lower wages generally observed for undocumented workers are due primarily to their immigration status or to differences from legal workers in other

Effect of the Immigration Reform and Control Act on the wages of Mexican migrants.

The extent to which the Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) of 1986 affected the wages of Mexican workers in the United States is assessed using data collected from migrants in 13 Mexican

Illegal Aliens in the United States Labor Market: Analysis of Occupational Attainment and Earnings 1

The methodology developed previously for analyzing the labor market adjustment of legal immigrants is shown to be equally fruitful for analyzing illegal aliens. It is modified to incorporate the

The Employment and Wages of Legalized Immigrants 1

TLDR
Analysis of the employment and wages of recently legalized immigrants using the Legalization Application Processing System (LAPS) file, an administrative file based on the individual records of amnesty applicants, and comparisons with a sample of the foreign-born population from the Current Population Surveys of 1983, 1986 and 1988 reveal high rates of labor force participation among legalized immigrants.

Changing conditions in the US labor market

In this paper, we assess the extent to which the Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) of 1986 affected US labor market conditions facing Mexican migrant workers. Using data gathered from

Earnings and Mobility of Legal and Illegal Immigrant Workers in Agriculture

This paper presents theoretical and empirical evidence that unauthorized immigrants are more likely to be selected into low-wage, low-skill farm jobs than are otherwise similar legal workers.

Strategic Amnesty and Credible Immigration Reform

Why do countries that impose employer sanctions to deter the illegal entry of foreign workers nevertheless grant amnesty to illegal immigrants? In this article, I provide a positive theory of amnesty

The "amnesty" aftermath: current policy issues stemming from the legalization programs of the 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act.

  • S. G. Baker
  • Economics, Law
    The International migration review
  • 1997
TLDR
This article combines data from a longitudinal survey of the IRCA-legalized population with qualitative field data on current immigration issues from key informants in eight high-immigration metropolitan areas, and reviews the political evolution and early implementation of legalization.

The characteristics and role of illegal aliens in the U.S. labor market: an exploratory study

The authors present data on the characteristics and experiences of illegal aliens in the U.S. labor market. Current and past U.S. immigration policy is reviewed and causes of immigration areas of