Combining smoking information and molecular markers improves prognostication in patients with urothelial carcinoma of the bladder.

OBJECTIVES Tissue-based markers improve the accuracy of prediction models in urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB). Current smoking status and cumulative exposure also affect outcomes. To evaluate whether the combination of molecular markers and smoking features further improved the prognostication of patients who underwent radical cystectomy (RC) for… CONTINUE READING