Combining ILP Techniques and Metaheuristics 3 Collaborative Combinations Sequential Execution Integrative Combinations Incorporating Metaheuristics in Exact Algorithms Incorporating Exact Algorithms in Metaheuristics Parallel or Intertwined Execution Combinations of Exact Algorithms and Metaheuristics

Several different ways exist for approaching hard optimization problems. Mathematical programming techniques, including (integer) linear programming based methods, and metaheuristic approaches are two highly successful streams for combinatorial problems. These two have been established by different communities more or less in isolation from each other. Only… (More)