BACKGROUND A new combined technique for vaginal prolapse and cystocele using minimal access surgery is presented and evaluated. METHODS Thirty-five patients (mean age 57.1) with genitourinary prolapse (II-IV degree Baden-Walker) without urinary incontinence underwent surgery between January 98 and December 99 with 4-24 months of follow-up (mean 14.6 months). The surgical stages include total vaginal hysterectomy with bilateral adnexectomy, wide opening of the vagina without excessive removal of the vaginal mucosa; the bladder is loosened and the polypropylene mesh (PPM) is lightly fixed to the bladder and stitched to the anterior and posterior vaginal wall. The PPM is introduced into the abdomen and laparoscopically fixed to the sacral promontory with titanium spirals having checked vaginally the right tension of the mesh. Accurately laparoscopic peritonization of the PPM ends the surgical procedure. RESULTS The operation time was 90'-140' (mean 112') followed by 3-7 days of hospitalization (mean 4.3). Vaginal prolapse and cystocele were corrected in all cases. No surgical complications, de novo urinary incontinence, prolapse recurrence or inconvenience to sexual activity have been observed. There was one erosion of the vaginal wall by the PPM 45 days after the operation. CONCLUSIONS Initial studies suggest that laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy and cystocele repair with PPM is an effective treatment for genitourinary prolapse. If subsequent studies will confirm these findings, the development of minimal access techniques for genitourinary prolapse will represent a significant surgical advance.