Combined use of ultra-short acting β-blocker esmolol and intravenous phosphodiesterase 3 inhibitor enoximone

@article{Boldt2007CombinedUO,
  title={Combined use of ultra-short acting $\beta$-blocker esmolol and intravenous phosphodiesterase 3 inhibitor enoximone},
  author={Joachim Boldt and Stephan Suttner},
  journal={Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy},
  year={2007},
  volume={8},
  pages={2135 - 2147}
}
In patients with impaired myocardial contractility associated with downregulation of the β-receptors, compounds inhibiting phosphodiesterase (PDE) 3 may be useful to increase contractility. The PDE3 inhibitor enoximone has been shown to improve pump-function independent from the β-receptor pathway. A simultaneous decrease in ventricular preload and afterload by vasodilation has led to the term ‘inodilator’. Esmolol is the only available ultra-short acting intravenous β-blocking agent. Due to… Expand
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