Combined uphill and downhill sprint running training is more efficacious than horizontal.

  title={Combined uphill and downhill sprint running training is more efficacious than horizontal.},
  author={Giorgos P Paradisis and Athanassios Bissas and Carlton Brian Cooke},
  journal={International journal of sports physiology and performance},
  volume={4 2},
PURPOSE This study examined the effects of sprint running training on sloping surfaces (3 degrees) on selected kinematic and physiological variables. METHODS Fifty-four sport and physical education students were randomly allocated to one of two training groups (combined uphill-downhill [U+D] and horizontal (H)) and a control group (C). Pre- and posttraining tests were performed to examine the effects of 8 wk of training on the maximum running speed (MRS), step rate, step length, step time… 

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