Combined spinal epidural analgesia for labor using sufentanil epidurally versus intrathecally: a retrospective study on the influence on fetal heart trace.


OBJECTIVE We retrospectively compared a protocol using sufentanil and ropivacaine intrathecally with a protocol in which only ropivacaine was administered intrathecally and sufentanil was used epidurally to evaluate whether banning sufentanil from the intrathecal space results in a decreased incidence of adverse fetal heart rate changes. METHODS Some 520… (More)
DOI: 10.1515/jpm-2014-0077


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