Combined hyperactive dysfunction syndrome of the cranial nerves.

@article{Yang2009CombinedHD,
  title={Combined hyperactive dysfunction syndrome of the cranial nerves.},
  author={Kyung-Hoon Yang and Joon-Ho Na and D Z Kong and Kwan Yong Park},
  journal={Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society},
  year={2009},
  volume={46 4},
  pages={351-4}
}
OBJECTIVE Combined hyperative dysfunction syndrome (HDS) defined as the combination of HDSs such as trigeminal neuralgia (TN), hemifacial spasm (HFS) and glossopharyngeal neuralgia (GPN), which may or may not occur simultaneously on one or both sides. We reviewed patients with combined HDS and demonstrated their demographic characteristics by comparing them with those of patients with a single HDS. METHODS Between October 1994 and February 2006, we retrospectively studied a series of 1,720… CONTINUE READING

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