Combined effects of oil exposure, temperature and ultraviolet radiation on buoyancy and oxygen consumption of embryonic mahi-mahi, Coryphaena hippurus.

@article{Pasparakis2017CombinedEO,
  title={Combined effects of oil exposure, temperature and ultraviolet radiation on buoyancy and oxygen consumption of embryonic mahi-mahi, Coryphaena hippurus.},
  author={Christina Pasparakis and Lauren E Sweet and John D. Stieglitz and Daniel D. Benetti and Conrad T Casente and Aaron P. Roberts and Martin Grosell},
  journal={Aquatic toxicology},
  year={2017},
  volume={191},
  pages={
          113-121
        }
}

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Evidence is provided that the developmental window when UV co-exposure occurs has a significant effect on the degree of photo-induced toxicity of oil and that UV co -exposure may exacerbate long-term cardiac effects in developing fish.
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It is reported that coexposure to natural sunlight and WAF significantly reduced percent hatch in mahi-mahi embryos, suggesting that laboratory toxicity tests that do not include UV may underestimate the toxicity of oil spills to early lifestage fish species.
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