The combined effects of caffeine and alcohol on mineral contents of fetal mandibles and femurs were studied. Pregnant rats were divided into four groups: group 1, control; group 2, caffeine; group 3, alcohol; and group 4, caffeine-plus-alcohol. Alcohol (1.0 g ethanol/kg body weight) was intubated twice daily, beginning at day 9 of gestation. Caffeine (2 mg… (More)
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