Combined effect of 24-epibrassinolide and salicylic acid mitigates lead (Pb) toxicity by modulating various metabolites in Brassica juncea L. seedlings

Abstract

The present study demonstrated the combined effect of 24-epibrassinolide and salicylic acid against lead (Pb, 0.25, 0.50, and 0.75 mM) toxicity in Brassica juncea seedlings. Various parameters including water status, metal uptake, total water- and lipid-soluble antioxidants, metal chelator content (total thiols, protein-bound thiols, and non-protein-bound thiols), phenolic compounds (flavonoids, anthocyanins, and polyphenols), and organic acids were studied in 10-day-old seedlings. Dry matter content and the heavy metal tolerance index were reduced by 42.24 and 52.3%, respectively, in response to Pb treatment. Metal uptake, metal-chelating compounds, phenolic compounds, and organic acids were increased in Pb-treated seedlings as compared to control plants. The treatment of Pb-stressed seedlings with combination of EBL and SA resulted in enhancement of heavy metal tolerance index by 40.07%, water content by 1.84%, and relative water content by 23.45%. The total water- and lipid-soluble antioxidants were enhanced by 21.01 and 2.21%, respectively. In contrast, a significant decline in dry weight, metal uptake, thiol, and polyphenol contents was observed following the application of 24-epibrassinolide and salicylic acid. These observations indicate that Pb treatment has an adverse effect on B. juncea seedlings. However, co-application of 24-epibrassinolide and salicylic acid mitigates the negative effects of Pb, by lowering Pb metal uptake and enhancing the heavy metal tolerance index, water content, relative water content, antioxidative capacities, phenolic content, and organic acid levels.

DOI: 10.1007/s00709-017-1124-x

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@article{Kohli2017CombinedEO, title={Combined effect of 24-epibrassinolide and salicylic acid mitigates lead (Pb) toxicity by modulating various metabolites in Brassica juncea L. seedlings}, author={Sukhmeen Kaur Kohli and Neha Handa and Anket Sharma and Vandana Gautam and Saroj Arora and Renu S. Bhardwaj and Mohammed Nasser Alyemeni and Leonard Wijaya and Parvaiz Ahmad}, journal={Protoplasma}, year={2017}, pages={1-14} }