Combinatorial mutagenesis of three major groove-contacting residues of EcoRI: single and double amino acid replacements retaining methyltransferase-sensitive activities.

Abstract

A library of mutant ecoRIR genes encoding EcoRI restriction endonuclease was generated using trinucleotide blocks and a combination of recombinant DNA procedures, including primer extension and the polymerase chain reaction. Codons corresponding to three amino acids (E144, R145 and R200), previously implicated in the specific recognition of the DNA substrate, were combinatorially mutated so as to generate a library that potentially contains all 20(3) possible single, double and triple aa replacements, in a balanced distribution. Inspection of the phenotypes of Escherichia coli colonies bearing the mutant genes showed that several of them retained activities that were deleterious to the cells but were still protected by the EcoRI methyltransferase. These included new enzyme variants, including non-conservative single (Thr or Val for Glu144) and double (Val for Glu144 and Thr for Arg145) replacements.

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@article{Osuna1991CombinatorialMO, title={Combinatorial mutagenesis of three major groove-contacting residues of EcoRI: single and double amino acid replacements retaining methyltransferase-sensitive activities.}, author={Joel Osuna and Humberto Flores and Xavier Sober{\'o}n}, journal={Gene}, year={1991}, volume={106 1}, pages={7-12} }