Combat-Related Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Case Report Using Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy with Physiological Monitoring

  title={Combat-Related Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Case Report Using Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy with Physiological Monitoring},
  author={Dennis Patrick Wood and Jennifer Webb-Murphy and Kristy Center and Robert N. McLay and Dennis Reeves and Jeffrey M. Pyne and Russell Shilling and Brenda K. Wiederhold},
  journal={Cyberpsychology \& behavior : the impact of the Internet, multimedia and virtual reality on behavior and society},
  volume={10 2},
The current report summarizes a case study from an Office of Naval Research (ONR) funded project to compare the effects of virtual reality graded exposure therapy (VRGET) with cognitive behavioral group therapy in active-duty corpsmen. Details of the collaborative program between the Virtual Reality Medical Center (VRMC) and Naval Medical Center San Diego (NMCSD) will be discussed. 

Figures from this paper

Combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder: a case report using virtual reality graded exposure therapy with physiological monitoring with a female Seabee.

In this report we describe virtual reality graded exposure therapy (VRGET) for the treatment of combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In addition, we summarize the outcomes of a case

Cost Effectiveness of Virtual Reality Graded Exposure Therapy with Physiological Monitoring for the Treatment of Combat Related Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

The outcomes of a VRGET pilot study with 12 participants who completed one to multiple combat tours in support of the War on Terrorism and who were subsequently diagnosed with combat-related PTSD are summarized.

Combat-Related Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: A Case Report of Virtual Reality Graded Exposure Therapy With Physiological Monitoring in a U.S. Navy Officer and a U.S. Army Officer

The U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) and the Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA) seek to enhance the efficacy of treatments for warriors with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) secondary to their

Virtual Reality Applications to Treat Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

This chapter will provide an overview of the application of virtual reality technology to the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We first discuss the current state of PTSD treatment

Virtual Reality and the Training of Military Personnel to Cope with Acute Stressors

Virtual reality is used in psychotherapeutic applications, but also as a training tool to practice stress management techniques and, hopefully, in the long term reduce the likelihood of developing

Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy for Military Veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Systematic Review

A considerable body of empirical evidence suggests that VRE can decrease PTSD symptoms within the veteran population and follow-up data do show promise for maintaining positive treatment outcomes, but further research is necessary to determine the long-term effects of this treatment.

Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy and Military Personnel with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Systematic Review

This systematic review determines the efficacy of virtual reality (VR) therapy for veterans and active service members with combat related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and identifies common

Veteran Perceptions of Virtual Reality to Assess and Treat Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Veterans reported a capacity for immersion in VR in both combat and civilian environments, characterized by self-reported physiological reactivity, thoughts/behaviors similar to those experienced in Iraq, and triggered memories.

Virtual reality graded exposure therapy with arousal control for the treatment of combat related posttraumatic stress disorder: a follow up case series.

The outcome of VR-GET for the treatment of combat-related PTSD with three warriors between five and seven years following their having completed treatment is described.

Comparing Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy to Present-Centered Therapy with 11 U.S. Vietnam Veterans with PTSD

Although comparison of mean changes in PTSD symptoms for the VRE and PCT conditions yielded a moderate effect size (d = 0.56) in favor of VRE at 6 months posttreatment,Changes in PTSD scores were more variable, and therefore less reliable, within the V RE condition.



Virtual reality exposure therapy for Vietnam veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder.

The results of an open clinical trial using VRE to treat Vietnam combat veterans who have DSM-IV PTSD hold promise for treating PTSD in Vietnam veterans.

Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy for PTSD Vietnam Veterans: A Case Study

The results of the first Vietnam combat veteran with PTSD to have been treated with VRE are presented, where the patient was exposed to two virtual environments, a virtual Huey helicopter flying over a virtual Vietnam and a clearing surrounded by jungle.

Fear of Flying: A Case Report Using Virtual Reality Therapy with Physiological Monitoring

Four sessions of virtual reality exposure therapy were successsful in reducing physiological arousal for a person with a fear of flying and a person without aFear of flying.

Three-Year Follow-Up for Virtual Reality Exposure for Fear of Flying

It appears that the addition of teaching self-control via visual feedback of physiological signals may serve to maintain treatment gains in long-term follow-up.

Posttraumatic stress disorder and depression in battle-injured soldiers.

Early severity of physical problems was strongly associated with later PTSD or depression and physical problem severity at 1 month was also associated with PTSD and depression severity at 7 months after control for 1-month PTSD and Depression severity, demographic variables, combat exposure, and deployment length.

Panic and Agoraphobia in a Virtual World

This study exposed nonphobic participants to virtual panic and agoraphobia worlds with a program entitled "Virtual Medicine," and measured physiology by noninvasive sensors to explore differences between immersion, physiological responses, and self-report responses in nonphobics versus phobics.

The Psychological Risks of Vietnam for U.S. Veterans: A Revisit with New Data and Methods

A new exposure measure was constructed and exposure reports in diagnoses of 260 Vietnam Veterans Readjustment Study veterans were cross-checked to find little evidence of falsification, an even stronger dose-response relationship, and psychological costs that were lower than previously estimated but still substantial.