Colours of domestication

  title={Colours of domestication},
  author={Michael Cieslak and Monika Reissmann and Michael Hofreiter and Arne Ludwig},
  journal={Biological Reviews},
During the last decade, coat colouration in mammals has been investigated in numerous studies. Most of these studies addressing the genetics of coat colouration were on domesticated animals. In contrast to their wild ancestors, domesticated species are often characterized by a huge allelic variability of coat‐colour‐associated genes. This variability results from artificial selection accepting negative pleiotropic effects linked with certain coat‐colour variants. Recent studies demonstrate that… 
Genetic Variation in Coat Colour Genes MC1R and ASIP Provides Insights Into Domestication and Management of South American Camelids
The domestication of wild vicuña and guanaco by early pre-Inca cultures is an iconic example of wildlife management and domestication in the Americas. Although domestic llamas and alpacas were
Elucidation of coat colour genetics in blue wildebeest
A genome-wide association study was performed with 14 624 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) to identify putative candidate genes involved in blue wildebeest pigmentation and found the myosin VC, myosIn VIIA, and tyrosinase genes are promising candidate genes that could contribute to coat colour determination in blue Wildebeest.
Coat colour and sex identification in horses from Iron Age Sweden.
Genetic background of coat colour in sheep
The proposed candidate genes code for the melanocortin 1 receptor ( MC1R ), agouti signaling protein ( ASIP ), tyrosinase-related protein 1 ( TYRP1 ), microphthalmia-associated transcription factor MITF , and v-kit Hardy–Zuckerman 4 feline sarcoma viral oncogene homologue ( KIT ).
The Genetic Architecture of Domestication in Animals
  • D. Wright
  • Biology
    Bioinformatics and biology insights
  • 2015
This review focuses on what is currently known about the genetic architecture of domesticated animal species, if genes of large effect are prevalent in driving the domestication phenotype, and whether pleiotropy can explain the loci underpinning these diverse traits being colocated.
Genes related to the white face colour pattern in eight Russian cattle breeds
The aim of this study was to identify no mic intervals and candidate genes that could be responsible for white face colouring in eight russian cattle breeds and identify the key genes controlling differences in human skin and animal coat colour.
Comparative transcriptome analysis reveals the genetic basis of coat color variation in Pashmina goat
This study used high-throughput sequencing technology to identify and characterize intricate interactions between genes that cause complex coat color variation in Changthangi Pashmina goats, producer of finest and costly commercial animal fiber.
Pleiotropic effects of coat colour-associated mutations in humans, mice and other mammals.
Melanocortin receptor 1 and black pigmentation in the Japanese ornamental carp (Cyprinus carpio var. Koi)
It is found that alleles of the Melanocrtin receptor 1 gene were not associated with the development of black color in Koi, however, the mRNA expression levels of the gene were higher during dark pigmentation development in larvae and in dark pigmented tissues of adult fish, suggesting that variation in the regulation of the genes is associated with black colorIn Koi.


Pigmentary Switches in Domestic Animal Species
Dominant variants of the MC1‐R found in cattle and sheep seem to be completely dominant with no antagonizing effect of agouti, indicating that this well‐conserved gene has no other fundamental function beside pigmentation.
Genes affecting coat colour and pattern in domestic dogs: a review.
The alleles found in various breeds have shed light on some potential breed development histories and phylogenetic relationships and will be of value to dog breeders who have selected for and against specific colours since breed standards and dog showing began in the late 1800s.
A window on the genetics of evolution: MC1R and plumage colouration in birds
  • N. Mundy
  • Biology
    Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2005
Results show that melanism was a derived trait and allow other evolutionary inferences about the history of melanism to be made, and the role of MC1R in plumage patterning is surprisingly diverse among different species.
Coat Color Variation at the Beginning of Horse Domestication
It is concluded that it is unlikely that horse domestication substantially predates the occurrence of coat color variation, which was found to begin around the third millennium before the common era.
An investigation into the genetic background of coat colour dilution in a Charolais x German Holstein F2 resource population.
Investigation of colour inheritance within the F2 resource population indicated that a single diallelic mutation in the SILV gene cannot explain the total observed variation of coat colour dilution.
The genetic basis of recessive self-colour pattern in a wild sheep population
Knowledge of the genetic basis of self-colour pattern in Soay sheep, and the recognition that several mutations are segregating in the population, will aid future studies investigating the role of selection in the maintenance of the polymorphism.
Linkage and Segregation Analysis of Black and Brindle Coat Color in Domestic Dogs
A molecular model for a new component of the melanocortin signaling pathway is suggested and how coat-color patterns and pigmentary diversity have been shaped by recent selection is revealed.
On the Origin and Spread of an Adaptive Allele in Deer Mice
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Pleiotropic effects of pigmentation genes in horses.
As the understanding of pigmentation in the horse increases, through the use of novel genomic tools, it is likely to unravel yet unknown pleiotropic effects and determine additional interactions between previously discovered loci.
Genetic effects on coat colour in cattle: dilution of eumelanin and phaeomelanin pigments in an F2-Backcross Charolais × Holstein population
A region on bovine chromosome 5 is identified that harbours the major locus responsible for the dilution of the eumelanin and phaeomelan in Charolais crossbred cattle, although other genetic effects may influence the coat colour variation in the population studied.