Colossal paramagnetic moments in metallic carbon nanotori.


Carbon nanostructures with unusually large paramagnetic moments have been discovered in a theoretical study of the electronic and magnetic properties of carbon nanotubes bent into toroids. Specifically, nanotori formed from metallic nanotubes with lambda(F) = 3T, where lambda(F) is the Fermi wavelength and T the translation vector of the nanotube, exhibit giant paramagnetic moments at selected radii ("magic radii"), while the ones with lambda(F) = T are paramagnetic at any radius. The large paramagnetic moment is due to the interplay between the toroidal geometry and the ballistic motion of the pi electrons in the metallic nanotube.

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@article{Liu2002ColossalPM, title={Colossal paramagnetic moments in metallic carbon nanotori.}, author={Lei Liu and G. Y. Guo and Chakram S. Jayanthi and Shi-Yu Wu}, journal={Physical review letters}, year={2002}, volume={88 21}, pages={217206} }