Coloring genetically modified soybean grains with anthocyanins by suppression of the proanthocyanidin genes ANR1 and ANR2

@article{Kovinich2011ColoringGM,
  title={Coloring genetically modified soybean grains with anthocyanins by suppression of the proanthocyanidin genes ANR1 and ANR2},
  author={Nik Kovinich and Ammar Saleem and Tara L. Rintoul and Daniel C. W. Brown and John T. Arnason and Brian L. A. Miki},
  journal={Transgenic Research},
  year={2011},
  volume={21},
  pages={757-771}
}
Detection and quantification of the levels of adventitious presence of genetically modified (GM) soybeans in non-GM grain shipments currently requires sophisticated tests that can have issues with their reproducibility. We show here that pigment biosynthesis in the soybean seed coat can be manipulated to provide a distinct color that would enable the simple visible detection of the GM soybean grain. We observed that a distinct red-brown grain color could be engineered by the simultaneous… Expand
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