Color superconductivity in dense quark matter

  title={Color superconductivity in dense quark matter},
  author={Mark G. Alford and Krishna Rajagopal and Thomas Schaefer and A. Schmitt},
  journal={Reviews of Modern Physics},
Matter at high density and low temperature is expected to be a color superconductor, which is a degenerate Fermi gas of quarks with a condensate of Cooper pairs near the Fermi surface that induces color Meissner effects. At the highest densities, where the QCD coupling is weak, rigorous calculations are possible, and the ground state is a particularly symmetric state, the color-flavor locked (CFL) phase. The CFL phase is a superfluid, an electromagnetic insulator, and breaks chiral symmetry… 
Holographic description of color superconductivity
The difficulty of describing the gauge dependent biquark condensate in the QCD color superconducting phase has made it hard to construct a holographic dual of the state. To side step this problem, we
Goldstone Boson Condensation and Effects of the Axial Anomaly in Color Superconductivity
One of the central objects of interest in high energy physics is the phase diagram of strongly interacting matter, the behavior of quarks and gluons in dependence of temperature and chemical
Magnetism in Dense Quark Matter
We review the mechanisms via which an external magnetic field can affect the ground state of cold and dense quark matter. In the absence of a magnetic field, at asymptotically high densities, cold
BCS Theory of Hadronic Matter at High Densities
The equilibrium between the so-called 2SC and CFL phases of strange quark matter at high densities is investigated in the framework of a simple schematic model of the NJL type. Equal densities are
QCD at finite density with Dyson-Schwinger equations
In this work we investigate QCD at finite density with Dyson-Schwinger equations. In the first part we consider color-superconducting phases, which occur at high densities through the formation of
Massive neutron stars with a color superconducting quark matter core
We construct the equation of state for high-density neutron star matter at zero temperature using the two-flavor Nambu–Jona-Lasinio (NJL) model as an effective theory of QCD. We build nuclear matter,
Realizing analogues of color superconductivity with ultracold alkali atoms
A degenerate three-component Fermi gas of atoms with identical attractive interactions is expected to exhibit superfluidity and magnetic order at low temperature and, for sufficiently strong pairwise
The rigidity of three flavor quark matter
Cold three flavor quark matter at large (but not asymptotically large) densities may exist in a crystalline color superconducting phase. These phases are characterized by a gap parameter {Delta} that


Perturbation Theory. (Book Reviews: Methods of Quantum Field Theory in Statistical Physics)
Abrikosov, Gorkov, Dzyaloshinski, Methods of quantum field theory in statistical physics Fetter, Walecka, Quantum theory of many-particle systems T. Schaefer, Quark Matter, hep-ph/0304281. J. Kogut,
On Bose-Einstein Condensation
This paper contains a proof that the description of the phenomenon of Bose-Einstein condensation is the same whether (1) an open system is contemplated and treated on the basis of the grand canonical
An introduction to the theory of superfluidity
A classic from 1965, this book covers the main aspects of the theory of quantum liquids, including the elementary excitation spectrum, hydrodynamics, and kinetic phenomena. The book requires no
Fluid Mechanics
Ludwig Krinner (Dated: November 5th 2012) Abstract This is a script made with the help of Landau Lifshitz, Book VI [1] on fluid mechanics, that gives a short introduction to basic fluid mechanics.
Theory of elasticity
This book is designed for use by students and teachers in the field of applied mechanics and mathematics, and for practitioners in civil and mechanical engineering. Since tensor calculus is an
. The loudest astronomical headlines of the year came from both very near (planets orbiting stars in the solar neighborhood) and very far (galaxies and parts of galaxies at redshifts of 1 to 3 and
Theory of Elasticity (3rd ed.)
This third edition, prepared by Norman Goodier just before his passing last Fall, is a much more extensive revision of the basic work and yet retains all of the flavor and enduring qualities of the original.
  • Phys. B558
  • 1999
Non-Perturbative Effects in Dense Quark Matter.