Color superconductivity in dense quark matter

  title={Color superconductivity in dense quark matter},
  author={M. Alford and K. Rajagopal and T. Schaefer and A. Schmitt},
  journal={Reviews of Modern Physics},
Matter at high density and low temperature is expected to be a color superconductor, which is a degenerate Fermi gas of quarks with a condensate of Cooper pairs near the Fermi surface that induces color Meissner effects. At the highest densities, where the QCD coupling is weak, rigorous calculations are possible, and the ground state is a particularly symmetric state, the color-flavor locked (CFL) phase. The CFL phase is a superfluid, an electromagnetic insulator, and breaks chiral symmetry… Expand

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