Color Polymorphism in Some North American Philaenus spumarius (Homoptera: Aphrophoridae) Populations

  title={Color Polymorphism in Some North American Philaenus spumarius (Homoptera: Aphrophoridae) Populations},
  author={V. Thompson and O. Halkka},
  journal={American Midland Naturalist},
North American Philaenus spumarius populations exhibit a range of color forms comparable to those found in Europe and Asia. Typica and populi are the most common color forms, followed by trilineata and marginella. Broad regional patterns outweigh the influence of local habitat variation in determining the color form frequencies of particular populations. Urban environment, as measured by concentrations of suspended particulate matter in the air, does not affect color form frequencies. The… Expand
Distributional Evidence for Thermal Melanic Color Forms in Philaenus spumarius, the Polymorphic Spittlebug
In North America four of five dark color forms of the spittlebug Philaenus spumarius L. (Homoptera: Aphrophoridae) are more common in northern parts of its range and it is suggested that selection for thermal melanism has influenced the distribution of these forms. Expand
Colour polymorphism in the introduced spittlebug Philaenus spumarius (Homoptera: Aphrophoridae) in New Zealand
The spittlebug Philaenus spumarius is highly polymorphic for colour pattern. Recently it has been introduced into New Zealand, providing a unique opportunity to study the evolution of the colourExpand
Temperature and the colour polymorphism of Philaenus spumarius (Homoptera: Aphrophoridae)
There was considerable variation in reflectance for the populi–typicus morph group, and trilineatus is therefore the only true‘non‐melanic’morph, and thermal considerations do play some role in the broad and complex selection regime of P.spumarius. Expand
A preliminary study of the Turkish populations revealed that the trilineatus phenotype is dominant over the marginellus and typicus/populi phenotypes in both sexes. Expand
Differential survival and reproduction in colour forms of Philaenus spumarius give new insights to the study of its balanced polymorphism
Ptaenus spumarius (Linnaeus) (Hemiptera, Aphrophoridae) shows a widely studied dorsal colour polymorphism with several described phenotypes whose variation in their occurrence and frequency, as well as their maintenance across time, have been reported. Expand
The Colour/Pattern Polymorphism of Philaenus spumarius (L.) (Homoptera: Cercopidae) in England and Wales
The near-equality of melanic frequencies between the sexes in the majority of populations reported here suggests that the model of genetic control established for populations in the Cynon Valley also applies to most British populations and remains distinct from the model applying to Finnish populations. Expand
Geographic variation in the colour/ pattern polymorphism of British Philaenus spumarius (L) (Homoptera: Aphrophoridae) populations
Geographic variation in the frequency of colour/pattern morphs of Philaenus spumarius is described at 48 localities in England and Wales, suggesting that the different dominance hierarchy between the sexes which exists in Fennoscandian populations may not be characteristic of British populations. Expand
Industrial melanism in the spittlebug Philaenus spumarius (L) (Homoptera: Aphrophoridae)†
The visible polymorphism of the spittlebug, Philaenus spumarius, has been investigated in the vicinity of a smokeless fuel factory in the Cynon Valley of south Wales and it is suggested that this relationship is due to the selective effects of the local air pollution from the factory. Expand
On the polymorphic meadow spittlebug, Philaenus spumarius (L.) (Homoptera: Cercopidae).
This homopteran insect shows very high habitat diversity and therefore has a wide global distribution and Adults exhibit a heritable colour/pattern polymorphism on the dorsal surface throughout its range. Expand
Polymorphism of Philaenus spumarius L. (Hemiptera: Cercopidae) in the Samsun (Mid-Black Sea Region) populations of Turkey
Variation in the frequency of colour/pattern phenotypes of Philaenus spumarius (L.) is studied in the three local populations of Samsun (Mid-Black Sea Region), Turkey, which found non-melanic frequency was over 95%, which TYP (typicus) was the predominant phenotype, but POP (populi) in males. Expand