Colony-stimulating factors (rhG-CSF, rhGM-CSF, rhIL-3, and BCGF) recruit myeloblastic and lymphoblastic leukemic cells and enhance the cytotoxic effects of cytosine-arabinoside.

Prognostic models for acute myeloid and lymphoid leukemias are presented that demonstrate that cell kinetic quiescence in acute leukemia is associated with poor response to chemotherapy, short remission duration, and survival. Recruitment of cells into the cell cycle should therefore enhance cytotoxic effects of cell cycle - specific chemotherapeutic agents… CONTINUE READING