Agar cultures of CBA fetal liver, peripheral blood, yolk sac and adult marrow cells were stimulated by pokeweed mitogen-stimulated spleen conditioned medium. Two to ten percent of the colonies developing were mixed colonies, documented by light or electron microscopy to contain erythroid, neutrophil, macrophage, eosinophil and megakaryocytic cells. No lymphoid cells were detected. Mean size for 7-day mixed colonies was 1,800-7,300 cells. When 7-day mixed colonies were recloned in agar, low levels of colony-forming cells were detected in 10% of the colonies but most daughter colonies formed were small neutrophil and/or macrophage colonies. Injection of pooled 7-day mixed colony cells to irradiated CBA mice produced low numbers of spleen colonies, mainly erythroid in composition. Karyotypic analysis using the T6T6 marker chromosome showed that some of these colonies were of donor origin. With an assumed f factor of 0.2, the mean content of spleen colony-forming cells per 7-day mixed colony was calculated to vary from 0.09 to 0.76 according to the type of mixed colony assayed. The fetal and adult multipotential hemopoietic cells forming mixed colonies in agar may be hemopoietic stem cells perhaps of a special or fetal type.